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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects chronic administration of corticosterone and estrogen on HPA axis activity and telomere length in brain areas of female rats

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Autor(es):
Gama de Barcellos Filho, Procopio Cleber [1] ; Zanelatto, Leonardo Campos [2] ; Aparecida Santana, Barbara Amelia [2] ; Calado, Rodrigo T. [2] ; Franci, Celso Rodrigues [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brain Research; v. 1750, JAN 1 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Chronic stress is related to the acceleration of telomere shortening. Recent work showed a correlation between chronic psychosocial stress and reduced telomere length in certain cells. The exposure of T lymphocytes to cortisol promoted a significant reduction in telomerase activity. Although stress can promote changes in telomere length, whether increased glucocorticoid concentrations alter telomere length in brain tissue cells is unclear. In addition to modulating the activity of the stress system, estrogen also influences telomere length. The objective of this study was to verify whether chronic exposure to glucocorticoids promotes changes in the telomere length of encephalic areas involved in the control of HPA axis activity and whether estrogen affects these changes. Wistar rats were ovariectomized and treated with estradiol cypionate {[}(50 or 100 mu g/kg, subcutaneously)] or oil and 20 mg/kg corticosterone or vehicle (isotonic saline with 2% Tween 80, subcutaneously) for 28 days. On the day after the end of the hormonal treatment, the animals were euthanized for collection of blood, brain and pituitary gland samples. Estrogen modulated the activity of the HPA axis. CRH, AVP and POMC mRNA levels were reduced by estrogen. At least in doses and treatment time used, there was no correlation between effects of exposure to glucocorticoids and estrogen on telomere length in the brain areas of female rats. However, estrogen treatment reduced the telomere length in the central amygdala and dorsal hippocampus, but not in the PVN, indicating a variation of reaction of telomeres for estrogen in different brain areas. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/50073-1 - Atividade do eixo hipotalamo hipofise adrenal no estresse hemorragico: possivel interacao estrogeno-ocitocina e participacao diferenciada de receptores tipos alfa e beta para estrogeno.
Beneficiário:Celso Rodrigues Franci
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular