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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

An assessment of genomic connectedness measures in Nellore cattle

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Autor(es):
Amorim, Sabrina T. [1] ; Yu, Haipeng [2] ; Momen, Mehdi [2] ; de Albuquerque, Lucia Galvao [1] ; Cravo Pereira, Angelica S. [3] ; Baldi, Fernando [1] ; Morota, Gota [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Zootecnia, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Anim & Poultry Sci, Blacksburg, VA 24061 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Zootecnia & Engn Alimentos, Nucleo Apoio Pesquisa Melhoramento Anim Biotecnol, Rua Duque Caxias Norte 225, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE; v. 98, n. 11 NOV 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

An important criterion to consider in genetic evaluations is the extent of genetic connectedness across management units (MU), especially if they differ in their genetic mean. Reliable comparisons of genetic values across MU depend on the degree of connectedness: the higher the connectedness, the more reliable the comparison. Traditionally, genetic connectedness was calculated through pedigree-based methods; however, in the era of genomic selection, this can be better estimated utilizing new approaches based on genomics. Most procedures consider only additive genetic effects, which may not accurately reflect the underlying gene action of the evaluated trait, and little is known about the impact of non-additive gene action on connectedness measures. The objective of this study was to investigate the extent of genomic connectedness measures, for the first time, in Brazilian field data by applying additive and non-additive relationship matrices using a fatty acid profile data set from seven farms located in the three regions of Brazil, which are part of the three breeding programs. Myristic acid (C14:0) was used due to its importance for human health and reported presence of non-additive gene action. The pedigree included 427,740 animals and 925 of them were genotyped using the Bovine high-density genotyping chip. Six relationship matrices were constructed, parametrically and non-parametrically capturing additive and non-additive genetic effects from both pedigree and genomic data. We assessed genome-based connectedness across MU using the prediction error variance of difference (PEVD) and the coefficient of determination (CD). PEVD values ranged from 0.540 to 1.707, and CD from 0.146 to 0.456. Genomic information consistently enhanced the measures of connectedness compared to the numerator relationship matrix by at least 63%. Combining additive and non-additive genomic kernel relationship matrices or a non-parametric relationship matrix increased the capture of connectedness. Overall, the Gaussian kernel yielded the largest measure of connectedness. Our findings showed that connectedness metrics can be extended to incorporate genomic information and non-additive genetic variation using field data. We propose that different genomic relationship matrices can be designed to capture additive and non-additive genetic effects, increase the measures of connectedness, and to more accurately estimate the true state of connectedness in herds. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/19463-4 - Interações epistáticas associadas com o perfil de ácidos graxos da carne em bovinos Nelore
Beneficiário:Sabrina Thaise Amorim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 19/04929-0 - Avaliação da relação entre conectividade genômica e acurácia de predição para características de composição de gordura em bovinos Nelore
Beneficiário:Sabrina Thaise Amorim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/21241-0 - Estudo da variabilidade genética do perfil de ácidos graxos da carne de bovinos da raça Nelore terminados em confinamento
Beneficiário:Fernando Sebastián Baldi Rey
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 09/16118-5 - Ferramentas genômicas no melhoramento genético de características de importância econômica direta em bovinos da raça Nelore
Beneficiário:Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático