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The drought of 2010 in the context of historical droughts in the Amazon region

Texto completo
Marengo, Jose A. [1] ; Tomasella, Javier [1] ; Alves, Lincoln M. [1] ; Soares, Wagner R. [1] ; Rodriguez, Daniel A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] INPE, CCST, Cachoeira Paulista - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Geophysical Research Letters; v. 38, JUN 22 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 290

The year 2010 featured a widespread drought in the Amazon rain forest, which was more severe than the ``once-in-a-century{''} drought of 2005. Water levels of major Amazon tributaries fell drastically to unprecedented low values, and isolated the floodplain population whose transportation depends upon on local streams which completely dried up. The drought of 2010 in Amazonia started in early austral summer during El Nino and then was intensified as a consequence of the warming of the tropical North Atlantic. An observed tendency for an increase in dry and very dry events, particularly in southern Amazonia during the dry season, is concomitant with an increase in the length of the dry season. Our results suggest that it is by means of a longer dry season that warming in the tropical North Atlantic affects the hydrology of the Amazon Rivers at the end of the recession period (austral spring). This process is, sometimes, further aggravated by deficient rainfall in the previous wet season. Citation: Marengo, J. A., J. Tomasella, L. M. Alves, W. R. Soares, and D. A. Rodriguez (2011), The drought of 2010 in the context of historical droughts in the Amazon region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L12703, doi:10.1029/2011GL047436. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58161-1 - Assessment of impacts and vulnerability to climate change in Brazil and strategies for adaptation option
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático