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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neoproterozoic geodynamic evolution of SW-Gondwana: a southern African perspective

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Frimmel, H. E. [1, 2] ; Basei, M. S. [3] ; Gaucher, C. [4, 5, 6]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Wurzburg, Geodynam & Geomat Res Div, D-97074 Wurzburg - Germany
[2] Univ Cape Town, Dept Geol Sci, ZA-7700 Rondebosch - South Africa
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-01498 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Fac Ciencias, Dept Geol, Montevideo 11400 - Uruguay
[5] Univ Copenhagen, Inst Geog & Geol, DK-1350 Copenhagen - Denmark
[6] Univ Copenhagen, Nord Ctr Earth Evolut NordCEE, DK-1350 Copenhagen - Denmark
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES; v. 100, n. 2-3, p. 323-354, APR 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 70
Resumo

Our current understanding of the tectonic history of the principal Pan-African orogenic belts in southwestern Africa, reaching from the West Congo Belt in the north to the Lufilian/Zambezi, Kaoko, Damara, Gariep and finally the Saldania Belt in the south, is briefly summarized. On that basis, possible links with tectono-stratigraphic units and major structures on the eastern side of the Rio de la Plata Craton are suggested, and a revised geodynamic model for the amalgamation of SW-Gondwana is proposed. The Rio de la Plata and Kalahari Cratons are considered to have become juxtaposed already by the end of the Mesoproterozoic. Early Neoproterozoic rifting led to the fragmentation of the northwestern (in today's coordinates) Kalahari Craton and the splitting off of several small cratonic blocks. The largest of these ex-Kalahari cratonic fragments is probably the Angola Block. Smaller fragments include the Luis Alves and Curitiba microplates in eastern Brazil, several basement inliers within the Damara Belt, and an elongate fragment off the western margin, named Arachania. The main suture between the Kalahari and the Congo-So Francisco Cratons is suspected to be hidden beneath younger cover between the West Congo Belt and the Lufilian/Zambezi Belts and probably continues westwards via the Cabo Frio Terrane into the Goias magmatic arc along the Brasilia Belt. Many of the rift grabens that separated the various former Kalahari cratonic fragments did not evolve into oceanic basins, such as the Northern Nosib Rift in the Damara Belt and the Gariep rift basin. Following latest Cryogenian/early Ediacaran closure of the Brazilides Ocean between the Rio de la Plata Craton and the westernmost fragment of the Kalahari Craton, the latter, Arachania, became the locus of a more than 1,000-km-long continental magmatic arc, the Cuchilla Dionisio-Pelotas Arc. A correspondingly long back-arc basin (Marmora Basin) on the eastern flank of that arc is recognized, remnants of which are found in the Marmora Terrane-the largest accumulation of oceanic crustal material known from any of the Pan-African orogenic belts in the region. Corresponding foredeep deposits that emerged from the late Ediacaran closure of this back-arc basin are well preserved in the southern areas, i.e. the Punta del Este Terrane, the Marmora Terrane and the Tygerberg Terrane. Further to the north, present erosion levels correspond with much deeper crustal sections and comparable deposits are not preserved anymore. Closure of the Brazilides Ocean, and in consequence of the Marmora back-arc basin, resulted from a change in the Rio de la Plata plate motion when the Iapetus Ocean opened between the latter and Laurentia towards the end of the Ediacaran. Later break-up of Gondwana and opening of the modern South Atlantic would have followed largely along the axis of the Marmora back-arc basin and not along major continental sutures. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/58688-1 - A América do Sul no contexto dos supercontinentes: fusão e fissão
Beneficiário:Miguel Angelo Stipp Basei
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático