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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Inorganic elements in the fat bodies of Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) larvae parasitized by Cotesia flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Pinheiro, D. O. [1] ; Zucchi, T. D. [1] ; Zucchi, O. L. A. D. [2] ; Nascimento Filho, V. F. [3] ; Almeida, E. [3] ; Consoli, F. L. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] USP, ESALQ, Dept Entomol & Acarol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, FCFRP, Dept Quim & Fis, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] USP, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Lab Instrumentacao Nucl, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY B-BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY; v. 156, n. 4, p. 273-278, AUG 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Koinobiont parasitoids use several strategies to regulate the host's physiological processes during parasitism. Although many aspects of host-parasitoid interactions have been explored, studies that attempted to assess the effects of parasitism on the availability of inorganic elements in the host are virtually nonexistent. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of parasitism on the concentrations of inorganic elements in the fat bodies of larvae of Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) during the development of the parasitoid Cotesia flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), by using total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF). TXRF analysis allowed comparisons of the changes in the availability of the elements P. S. K, Ca, Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, and Zn in the fat body tissues of D. saccharalis larvae parasitized by C. flavipes. Overall, the concentration of inorganic elements was higher early in parasitoid development (1 and 3 days after parasitism) compared to non-parasitized larvae, but much lower towards the end of parasitoid development (7 and 9 days after parasitism). Ca, K, and S were reduced after the fifth day of parasitism, which affected the total abundance of inorganic elements observed in the fat bodies of the parasitized hosts. The regulatory mechanisms or pathological effects related to the observed variation of the host inorganic elements induced by the parasitoid remain unknown, but there might be a strategy to make these elements available to the parasitoid larvae at the end of their development, when higher metabolic activity of the host fat body is required to sustain parasitoid growth. The observed variation of the host's inorganic elements could also be related to the known effects of parasitism on the host's immune response. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/53829-9 - Efeito do parasitismo na morfo-fisiologia e atividade molecular do intestino médio de lagartas de D. saccharalis parasitadas por C. flavipes
Beneficiário:Fernando Luis Cônsoli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/58712-5 - Actinobactérias simbiontes de Acromyrmex sp.: fonte potencial de novas biomoléculas para o controle de pragas e doenças
Beneficiário:Tiago Domingues Zucchi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 06/53830-7 - Efeito do parasitismo na morfo-fisiologia e atividade molecular do intestino médio de lagartas Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) parasitadas por Cotesia flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
Beneficiário:Daniela de Oliveira Pinheiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 05/00355-7 - Interações hospedeiro-parasitóide no desenvolvimento de técnicas para o controle biológico de pragas
Beneficiário:Fernando Luis Cônsoli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores