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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Immunoreactivity for neuronal NOS and fluorescent indication of NO formation in the NTS of juvenile rats submitted to chronic intermittent hypoxia

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Autor(es):
Pajolla, Gisela P. [1] ; Accorsi-Mendonca, Daniela [1] ; Lunardi, Claure N. [2] ; Bendhack, Lusiane M. [2] ; Machado, Benedito H. [1] ; Llewellyn-Smith, Ida J. [3]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Chem & Phys, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Flinders Univ S Australia, Cardiovasc Med & Ctr Neurosci, Bedford Pk, SA 5042 - Australia
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE-BASIC & CLINICAL; v. 148, n. 1-2, p. 55-62, JUN 15 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Exposure to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) leads to significant autonomic and respiratory changes, similar to those observed in obstructive sleep apnea. The hypertension associated with CIH is due to sympathoexcitation triggered by long-term exposure to intermittent hypoxia. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects are unknown. Changes in central regulation of sympathetic activity may underlie CIH-induced hypertension. Since NO appears to be mainly sympathoinhibitory in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), we hypothesized that CIH augments sympathetic activity, in part by reducing neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) expression and consequently nitric oxide (NO) production in this brain region. To test our hypothesis, juvenile male Wistar rats were exposed to CIH for 8 h/day for 10 days and sections of perfused brainstem were either stained to reveal nNOS-immunoreactivity or loaded with OAF 2-DA to label neurons containing NO. CIH rats showed a significant increase in mean arterial pressure and heart rate compared to controls. However, there was no significant difference in the distribution, staining intensity or numbers of nNOS-immuno reactive neurons in the NTS between experimental and control rats. We also found no significant change in NO content in the DAF 2-DA-loaded sections of NTS from CIH rats. Our data show that NO is not altered in the NTS of juvenile CIH rats, suggesting that nitrergic mechanisms, at least in the NTS, are unlikely to be involved in the sympathetic excitation that generates the hypertension observed after 10 days of CIH. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/08868-0 - Consolidação do Centro de Microscopia Funcional do Campus da USP/ Ribeirão Preto
Beneficiário:Roy Edward Larson
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 04/03285-7 - Mecanismos centrais da excitação simpática promovida pela hipóxia
Beneficiário:Benedito Honorio Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 04/08712-0 - Imunorreatividade aos receptores de aminoácidos excitatórios e purinérgicos no núcleo do trato solitário (NTS) de ratos submetidos a hipóxia crônica intermitente
Beneficiário:Gisela Pugliesi Pajolla
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado