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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Passive immunization with monoclonal antibody against a 70-kDa putative adhesin of Sporothrix schenckii induces protection in murine sporotrichosis

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Autor(es):
Nascimento, Rosana C. [1] ; Espindola, Noeli M. [1] ; Castro, Rafaela A. [2] ; Teixeira, Pedro A. C. [2] ; Loureiro y Penha, Carla V. [2] ; Lopes-Bezerra, Leila M. [2] ; Almeida, Sandro R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut, Dept Anal Clin & Toxicol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estado Rio de Janeiro, Lab Micol Celular & Proteom, Inst Biol Roberto Alcantara Gomes, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: European Journal of Immunology; v. 38, n. 11, p. 3080-3089, NOV 2008.
Citações Web of Science: 50
Resumo

Cell-mediated and innate immunity are considered the most important mechanisms of host defense against fungus infections. However, recent studies demonstrated that specific antibodies show different degrees of protection against mycosis. In a previous study, antigens secreted by Sporothrix schenckii induced a specific humoral response in infected animals, mainly against the 70-kDa molecule, indicating a possible participation of antibodies to this antigen in infection control. in the present study, an IgG1 mAb was produced against a 70-kDa glycoprotein of S. schenckii in order to better understand the effect of passive immunization of mice infected with S. schenckii. Results showed a significant reduction in the number of CFU in organs of mice when the mAb was injected before and during S. schenckii infection. Similar results were observed when T-cell-deficient mice were used. Moreover, in a second schedule treatment, the mAb was injected after infection was established, and again we observed a significant reduction in CFU associated with an increase of IFN-gamma production. Also, the 70-kDa antigen is shown to be a putative adhesin present on the surface of this fungus. In conclusion, we report for the first time the protective effect of a specific antibody against S. schenckii. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/50472-2 - Caracterização de proteína de 70kda de Sporothrix schenckii e o estudo de sua participação na regulação da resposta imune na esporotricose experimental
Beneficiário:Sandro Rogerio de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular