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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effectiveness of liposomal buparvaquone in an experimental hamster model of Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Reimao, Juliana Q. [1] ; Colombo, Fabio A. [1] ; Pereira-Chioccola, Vera L. [1] ; Tempone, Andre G. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Adolfo Lutz Registro, Dept Parasitol, BR-01246902 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Experimental Parasitology; v. 130, n. 3, p. 195-199, MAR 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 28
Resumo

The objective of this study was to develop a novel liposomal formulation, containing phosphatidylserine (PS), of buparvaquone (BPQ) and to evaluate its in vivo effectiveness in Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi-infected hamsters. The activity of BPQ was evaluated against both the promastigote forms of different Leishmania species and the intracellular amastigotes of L. (L.) infantum chagasi. Buparvaquone was entrapped in PS-liposomes (BPQ-PS-LP), and the drug was quantified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography. The treatment was quantified by detecting the RNA of the living amastigotes in the spleen and the liver by real-time PCR. In vitro assays with L. (L.) infantum chagasi intracellular amastigotes were performed in peritoneal macrophages for the evaluation of the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50). BPQ-PS-LP at 0.33 mg/kg/day for eight consecutive days reduced the number of amastigotes by 89.4% (P < 0.05) in the spleen and by 67.2% (P > 0.05) in the liver, compared to 84.3% (P < 0.05) and 99.7% (P < 0.05), respectively, following Glucantime (R) treatment at 50 mg/kg/day. Free BPQ at 20 mg/kg/day failed to treat the hamsters when compared to the untreated group. BPQ was significantly (P < 0.05) selective against L. (L.) infantum chagasi intracellular amastigotes, with an IC50 value of 1.5 mu M; no in vitro mammalian cytotoxicity could be detected. Other cutaneous species were also susceptible to BPQ with IC50 values in the range 1-4 mu M. BPQ-PS-LP caused a significant reduction in the parasite burden at a 60-fold lower dose than did the free BPQ. These results show the potential of PS-liposome formulations for the successful targeted delivery of BPQ in visceral leishmaniasis. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/11434-3 - Combinações terapêuticas na leishmaniose visceral: o potencial anti-Leishmania de bloqueadores de canais de cálcio
Beneficiário:Juliana Quero Reimão Dalla Zanna
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57245-7 - Leishmaniose visceral americana no estado de São Paulo: estudo de transmissores alternativos
Beneficiário:Fabio Antonio Colombo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/09260-7 - Combinações terapêuticas na leishmaniose visceral: o potencial anti-leishmania de bloqueadores de canais de cálcio e o uso de nanoformulações lipossomais
Beneficiário:André Gustavo Tempone Cardoso
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular