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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cigarette smoke dissociates inflammation and lung remodeling in OVA-sensitized and challenged mice

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Hizume, Deborah C. [1, 2] ; Toledo, Alessandra C. ; Moriya, Henrique T. [3] ; Saraiva-Romanholo, Beatriz M. ; Almeida, Francine M. ; Arantes-Costa, Fernanda M. ; Vieira, Rodolfo P. [4] ; Dolhnikoff, Marisa [5] ; Kasahara, David Itiro [6] ; Martins, Milton A.
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Med LIM 20, Sch Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estado Santa Catarina, Dept Phys Therapy GEPex LaPEx, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biomed Engn, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Hosp Freiburg, Dept Pneumol, Freiburg - Germany
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol LIM 5, Sch Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology; v. 181, n. 2, p. 167-176, APR 30 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

We evaluated the effects of cigarette smoke (CS) on lung inflammation and remodeling in a model of ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized and OVA-challenged mice. Male BALB/c mice were divided into 4 groups: non-sensitized and air-exposed (control); non-sensitized and exposed to cigarette smoke (CS), sensitized and air-exposed (OVA) (50 mu g + OVA 1% 3 times/week for 3 weeks) and sensitized and cigarette smoke exposed mice (OVA + CS). IgE levels were not affected by CS exposure. The increases in total bronchoalveolar fluid cells in the OVA group were attenuated by co-exposure to CS, as were the changes in IL-4, IL-5, and eotaxin levels as well as tissue elastance (p < 0.05). In contrast, only the OVA + CS group showed a significant increase in the protein expression of IFN-gamma, VEGF, GM-CSF and collagen fiber content (p < 0.05). In our study, exposure to cigarette smoke in OVA-challenged mice resulted in an attenuation of pulmonary inflammation but led to an increase in pulmonary remodeling and resulted in the dissociation of airway inflammation from lung remodeling. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/53904-9 - Efeitos do ambiente e do estilo de vida sobre a asma e a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica: estudos experimentais e clínicos
Beneficiário:Milton de Arruda Martins
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático