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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cigarette smoke dissociates inflammation and lung remodeling in OVA-sensitized and challenged mice

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Hizume, Deborah C. [1, 2] ; Toledo, Alessandra C. ; Moriya, Henrique T. [3] ; Saraiva-Romanholo, Beatriz M. ; Almeida, Francine M. ; Arantes-Costa, Fernanda M. ; Vieira, Rodolfo P. [4] ; Dolhnikoff, Marisa [5] ; Kasahara, David Itiro [6] ; Martins, Milton A.
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Med LIM 20, Sch Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estado Santa Catarina, Dept Phys Therapy GEPex LaPEx, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biomed Engn, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Hosp Freiburg, Dept Pneumol, Freiburg - Germany
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol LIM 5, Sch Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology; v. 181, n. 2, p. 167-176, APR 30 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 14

We evaluated the effects of cigarette smoke (CS) on lung inflammation and remodeling in a model of ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized and OVA-challenged mice. Male BALB/c mice were divided into 4 groups: non-sensitized and air-exposed (control); non-sensitized and exposed to cigarette smoke (CS), sensitized and air-exposed (OVA) (50 mu g + OVA 1% 3 times/week for 3 weeks) and sensitized and cigarette smoke exposed mice (OVA + CS). IgE levels were not affected by CS exposure. The increases in total bronchoalveolar fluid cells in the OVA group were attenuated by co-exposure to CS, as were the changes in IL-4, IL-5, and eotaxin levels as well as tissue elastance (p < 0.05). In contrast, only the OVA + CS group showed a significant increase in the protein expression of IFN-gamma, VEGF, GM-CSF and collagen fiber content (p < 0.05). In our study, exposure to cigarette smoke in OVA-challenged mice resulted in an attenuation of pulmonary inflammation but led to an increase in pulmonary remodeling and resulted in the dissociation of airway inflammation from lung remodeling. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/53904-9 - Effects of environment and lifestyle on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: studies with experimental animals and people with asthma
Grantee:Milton de Arruda Martins
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants