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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Immunoexpression of aromatase and estrogen receptors beta in stem spermatogonia of bullfrogs indicates a role of estrogen in the seasonal spermatogonial mitotic activity

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Caneguim, Breno Henrique [1] ; da Luz, Juliana Silva [2] ; Valentini, Sandro Roberto [2] ; Cerri, Paulo Sergio [3] ; Sasso-Cerri, Estela [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Univ Sao Paulo Unifesp, Dept Morphol & Genet, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Biol Sci, Araraquara - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Sch Dent, Dept Morphol, Lab Histol & Embryol, Araraquara - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: General and Comparative Endocrinology; v. 182, p. 65-72, FEB 1 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Bullfrog stem spermatogonia, also named primordial germ cells (PGCs), show strong testosterone immunolabeling in winter, but no or weak testosterone immunoexpression in summer. Thus, the role of testosterone in these cells needs to be clarified. In this study, we proposed to evaluate whether PGCs express aromatase and estrogen receptors, and verify a possible role of estrogen in PGCs seasonal proliferation. Testes of male adult bullfrogs, collected in winter (WG) and summer (SG), were fixed and embedded in historesin, for quantitative analysis, or paraffin for immunohistochemistry (IHC). The number of haematoxylin/eosin stained PGCs/lobular area was obtained. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), aromatase, estrogen receptor beta (ER beta) and PCNA/ER beta double immunolabeling were detected by IHC. The number of PCNA-positive PGCs and the histological score (HSCORE) of aromatase and ER beta immunolabeled PGCs were obtained. Although the number of PGCs increased significantly in WG, a high number of PCNA-positive PGCs was observed in summer. Moreover, aromatase and ER beta HSCORE was higher in SG than WG. The results indicate that PGCs express a seasonal proliferative activity; the low mitotic activity in winter is related to the maximal limit of germ cells which can be supported in the large lobules. In SG, the increased ER beta and aromatase HSCORE suggests that testosterone is converted into estrogen from winter to summer. Moreover, the parallelism between the high PGCs mitotic activity and ER beta immunoexpression suggest a participation of estrogen in the control of the PGCs seasonal proliferative activity which guarantee the formation of new germ cysts from summer to next autumn. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/17895-5 - Avaliação morfofuncional da espermatogônia tronco durante a espermatogênese sazonal de rãs-touro
Beneficiário:Estela Sasso Cerri
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular