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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Improvement in clinical signs and cellular immunity of dogs with visceral leishmaniasis using the immunomodulator P-MAPA

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Autor(es):
Santiago, Maria Emilia B. [1] ; Silveira Neto, Luiz [2] ; Alexandre, Eduardo Costa [3] ; Munari, Danisio Prado [4] ; Andrade, Mariana Macedo C. [2] ; Somenzari, Marcos Arruda [3] ; Ciarlini, Paulo Cesar [3] ; de Lima, V. M. F. [3]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Fac Agr & Vet Sci FCAV, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Fac Vet Med, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
[3] UNESP, Fac Vet Med, Dept Clin Surg & Anim Reprod, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
[4] UNESP, FCAV, Dept Math Sci, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Acta Tropica; v. 127, n. 3, p. 174-180, SEP 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

This study investigated the immunotherapeutic potential of the protein aggregate magnesium-ammonium phospholinoleate-palmitoleate anhydride immuno-modulator (P-MAPA) on canine visceral leishmaniasis. Twenty mongrel dogs presenting clinical symptoms compatible with leishmaniasis and diagnosis confirmed by the detection of anti-leishmania antibodies were studied. Ten dogs received 15 doses of the immunomodulator (2.0 mg/kg) intramuscularly, and 10 received saline as a placebo. Skin and peripheral blood samples were collected following administration of the immunomodulator. The groups were followed to observe for clinical signals of remission; parasite load in the skin biopsies using real-time PCR, the cytokines IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-gamma, in the supernatant of peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated in vitro with either total promastigote antigen or phytohemagglutinin measured by capture ELISA, and changes in CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell subpopulations evaluated by flow cytometry. Comparison between the groups showed that treatment with the immunomodulator promoted improvement in clinical signs and a significant reduction in parasite load in the skin. In peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures, supernatants showed a decrease in IL-10 levels and an increase in IL-2 and IFN-gamma. An increase in CD8(+) T cells was observed in peripheral blood. In addition, the in vitro leishmanicidal action of P-MAPA was investigated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MU) and no leishmanicidal activity was detected. These findings suggest that P-MAPA has potential as an immunotherapeutic drug in canine visceral leishmaniasis, since it assists in reestablishing partial immunocompetence of infected dogs. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/50426-9 - Avaliação do uso do imunomodulador fosfolineato-palmitoleato de magnésio e amônio protéico no tratamento de cães sintomáticos com leishmaniose visceral
Beneficiário:Valéria Marçal Felix de Lima
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular