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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Probing the Statistical Properties of Unknown Texts: Application to the Voynich Manuscript

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Autor(es):
Amancio, Diego R. [1] ; Altmann, Eduardo G. [2] ; Rybski, Diego [3] ; Oliveira, Jr., Osvaldo N. [1] ; Costa, Luciano da F. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Max Planck Inst Phys Complex Syst MPIPKS, Dresden - Germany
[3] Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res PIK, Potsdam - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 7 JUL 2 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 24
Resumo

While the use of statistical physics methods to analyze large corpora has been useful to unveil many patterns in texts, no comprehensive investigation has been performed on the interdependence between syntactic and semantic factors. In this study we propose a framework for determining whether a text (e.g., written in an unknown alphabet) is compatible with a natural language and to which language it could belong. The approach is based on three types of statistical measurements, i.e. obtained from first-order statistics of word properties in a text, from the topology of complex networks representing texts, and from intermittency concepts where text is treated as a time series. Comparative experiments were performed with the New Testament in 15 different languages and with distinct books in English and Portuguese in order to quantify the dependency of the different measurements on the language and on the story being told in the book. The metrics found to be informative in distinguishing real texts from their shuffled versions include assortativity, degree and selectivity of words. As an illustration, we analyze an undeciphered medieval manuscript known as the Voynich Manuscript. We show that it is mostly compatible with natural languages and incompatible with random texts. We also obtain candidates for keywords of the Voynich Manuscript which could be helpful in the effort of deciphering it. Because we were able to identify statistical measurements that are more dependent on the syntax than on the semantics, the framework may also serve for text analysis in language-dependent applications. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50761-2 - Modelos e métodos de e-Science para ciências da vida e agrárias
Beneficiário:Roberto Marcondes Cesar Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/00927-9 - Classificação de textos com redes complexas
Beneficiário:Diego Raphael Amancio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto