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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Characteristics of salivary secretion in normal-weight, overweight and obese children: a preliminary study

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Campos, Milene Mazuchi [1] ; Kobayashi, Fernanda Yukie [1] ; Barbosa, Tais de Souza [1] ; Costa, Simone da Silva [2] ; Lucas, Barbara de Lima [3] ; Castelo, Paula Midori [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Pediat Dent, Piracicaba - Brazil
[2] ABC Med Sch FMABC, Clin Anal Lab, Santo Andre - Brazil
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Physiol, Piracicaba - Brazil
[4] Fed Univ Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Biol Sci, BR-09913030 Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ODONTOLOGY; v. 102, n. 2, p. 318-324, JUL 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Information on salivary characteristics of young subjects with different body composition is scarce. Thus, the aim of this pilot study was to assess salivary characteristics of normal-weight, overweight and obese children. This is a basic research design in which 68 children (5-12 years) were recruited and anthropometric measurements consisted of body mass index (BMI = Kg/m(2)), body perimeters (waist/arm circumferences) and subcutaneous fat tissue (triceps/subscapular thicknesses). Stimulated (SS) and unstimulated morning saliva (US) were collected to determine flow rate, pH and triglycerides, urea, alpha-amylase, total protein, phosphate and calcium concentrations. Data were analyzed using normality tests, t test/Wilcoxon, one-way ANOVA/Kruskal-Wallis and Pearson's/Spearman's correlation tests, where appropriate. Results: Age, household income, parents' education, saliva flow and pH did not differ among groups. Waist circumference and subscapular skinfold differed significantly between normal-weight and obese groups; only waist circumference showed significant correlation with BMI in all groups. pH increased significantly from US to SS in all groups; but flow rate increased from US to SS only in normal-weight and overweight groups. Total protein, amylase, urea, phosphate, triglyceride and calcium concentrations did not differ among groups. However, urea, phosphate and calcium concentrations differed significantly between US and SS in the normal-weight and overweight groups, with the lowest values for SS. In the overweight group, total protein also differed between saliva samples and obese group showed no difference in biochemical parameters between US and SS. Finally, some salivary characteristics may vary among normal-weight, overweight and obese children; thus, future studies in a larger sample are needed to fully understand salivary secretion and composition of these subjects. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/04492-2 - Avaliação nutricional, salivar, mastigatória e da qualidade de vida de crianças pré-púberes com sobrepeso e obesas
Beneficiário:Paula Midori Castelo Ferrua
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/05245-6 - Avaliação nutricional e antropométrica e sua associação com performance mastigatória, fluxo, pH e composição salivar em crianças pré-púberes
Beneficiário:Milene Mazuchi de Campos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica