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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Motor Recovery and Cortical Plasticity After Functional Electrical Stimulation in a Rat Model of Focal Stroke

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Autor(es):
Cecatto, Rebeca Boltes [1] ; Maximino, Jessica Ruivo [1] ; Chadi, Gerson [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Neuroregenerat Ctr, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION; v. 93, n. 9, p. 791-800, SEP 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the functional responses and plastic cortical changes in a sample of animals with sequelae of cerebral ischemia that were subjected to a model of functional electrical stimulation (FES). Design: Rats received an ischemic cortical lesion (Rose Bengal method) and were randomized and submitted to an FES stimulation (1-2 mA, 30 Hz, 20-40 mins for 14 days) or sham stimulation. The Foot Fault Test was performed before inducing the cortical lesion and also before and after FES. Brain immunochemistry labeling with microtubule-associated protein-2 and neurofilament-200 markers was performed after FES. Results: The authors found a decreased percentage of errors in the Foot Fault Test (P < 0.001) in the stimulated group compared with the sham group after FES. FES has not altered the lesion size. Spontaneous motor parameters returned to basal values in both groups. The qualitative analysis showed an increased amount of radial microtubule-associated protein-2 immunoreactive fibers in the preserved cortex adjacent to stroke site in the stimulated animals. Regarding the measurements of neurofilament-200 immunostaining, there were no differences between the hemispheres or groups in area or intensity. Conclusions: Acute and short period of FES led to motor recovery of ankle joint neurodisability. The extent to which compensatory plasticity occurs after stroke or after FES and the extent to which it contributes to functional recovery are yet unclear. The changes induced by the stimulation may improve the ability of the nervous system to undergo spontaneous recovery, which is of substantial interest for neurorehabilitation strategies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/14018-3 - Análise dos mecanismos de neuroplasticidade na porção lombar da medula espinal do rato submetida à lesão isquêmica fototrombótica aguda e tratada pela injeção local do PEDF
Beneficiário:Gerson Chadi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular