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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The South American rainfall dipole: A complex network analysis of extreme events

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Autor(es):
Boers, Niklas [1, 2] ; Rheinwalt, Aljoscha [1, 2] ; Bookhagen, Bodo [3] ; Barbosa, Henrique M. J. [4] ; Marwan, Norbert [2] ; Marengo, Jose [5] ; Kurths, Juergen [1, 6, 2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Humboldt Univ, Dept Phys, Berlin - Germany
[2] Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res, Potsdam, Brandenburg - Germany
[3] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Geog, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Phys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Cachoeira Paulista, CCST INPE, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Nizhnii Novgorod State Univ, Dept Control Theory, Nizhnii Novgorod - Russia
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Geophysical Research Letters; v. 41, n. 20, p. 7397-7405, OCT 28 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

Intraseasonal rainfall variability of the South American monsoon system is characterized by a pronounced dipole between southeastern South America and southeastern Brazil. Here we analyze the dynamical properties of extreme rainfall events associated with this dipole by combining a nonlinear synchronization measure with complex networks. We make the following main observations: (i) Our approach reveals the dominant synchronization pathways of extreme events for the two dipole phases, (ii) while extreme rainfall synchronization in the tropics is directly driven by the trade winds and their deflection by the Andes mountains, extreme rainfall propagation in the subtropics is mainly dictated by frontal systems, and (iii) the well-known rainfall dipole is, in fact, only the most prominent mode of an oscillatory pattern that extends over the entire continent. This provides further evidence that the influence of Rossby waves, which cause frontal systems over South America and impact large-scale circulation patterns, extends beyond the equator. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58161-1 - Assessment of impacts and vulnerability to climate change in Brazil and strategies for adaptation option
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático