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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Differential Reinforcement in Simple Discrimination Learning in 10-to 20-Month-Old Toddlers

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Autor(es):
de Sousa, Naiara Minto [1, 2] ; Garcia, Lucas Tadeu [1] ; Coutinho de Alcantara Gil, Maria Stella [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Lab Interacao Social, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 65, n. 1, p. 31-40, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The present study examined two procedures for teaching simple discrimination to six toddlers aged 10- to 20-months. A pair of toys was displayed in the windows of an automated apparatus in each training session. Touching the S+ toy window allowed access to the toy and playing with it. Touching the S- toy window produced closure of both windows and the end of the trial. The two procedures varied in exposing the participants to differential reinforcement. In Procedure A, the first choice was always incorrect. In Procedure B, the first four trials were alternating forced choices of the S+ and S-. The participants were trained in 10 to 12 discrimination problems. Four toddlers learned four to six problems with both the procedures. The procedures reported in the present study may be applicable to teaching effectively discriminative repertoires to toddlers, older children, and adults with low verbal repertoires. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/15602-8 - Procedimentos de ensino de discriminações simples e condicionais para bebês até 24 meses
Beneficiário:Naiara Minto de Sousa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado