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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Differential Reinforcement in Simple Discrimination Learning in 10-to 20-Month-Old Toddlers

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Author(s):
de Sousa, Naiara Minto [1, 2] ; Garcia, Lucas Tadeu [1] ; Coutinho de Alcantara Gil, Maria Stella [1, 2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Lab Interacao Social, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 65, n. 1, p. 31-40, MAR 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The present study examined two procedures for teaching simple discrimination to six toddlers aged 10- to 20-months. A pair of toys was displayed in the windows of an automated apparatus in each training session. Touching the S+ toy window allowed access to the toy and playing with it. Touching the S- toy window produced closure of both windows and the end of the trial. The two procedures varied in exposing the participants to differential reinforcement. In Procedure A, the first choice was always incorrect. In Procedure B, the first four trials were alternating forced choices of the S+ and S-. The participants were trained in 10 to 12 discrimination problems. Four toddlers learned four to six problems with both the procedures. The procedures reported in the present study may be applicable to teaching effectively discriminative repertoires to toddlers, older children, and adults with low verbal repertoires. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57705-8 - Institute for the Study of Behavior, Cognition and Teaching
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/15602-8 - SIMPLE AND CONDITIONAL DISCRIMINATION PROCEDURES FOR BABIES UP TO 24 MONTHS
Grantee:Naiara Minto de Sousa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate