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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Pioglitazone Treatment Increases Survival and Prevents Body Weight Loss in Tumor-Bearing Animals: Possible Anti-Cachectic Effect

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Autor(es):
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Beluzi, Mercia [1] ; Peres, Sidney B. [2] ; Henriques, Felipe S. [1] ; Sertie, Rogerio A. L. [1, 3] ; Franco, Felipe O. [1] ; Santos, Kaltinaitis B. [1] ; Knobl, Pamela [1] ; Andreotti, Sandra [3] ; Shida, Claudio S. [1, 4] ; Neves, Rodrigo X. [1, 5] ; Farmer, Stephen R. [6] ; Seelaender, Marilia [5] ; Lima, Fabio B. [3] ; Batista, Jr., Miguel L. [5, 1]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Mogi das Cruzes, Integrated Grp Biotechnol, Lab Adipose Tissue Biol, Mogi Das Cruzes - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Maringa, Dept Physiol Sci, Maringa, Parana - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Physiol Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biomed Engn, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Canc Metab Res Grp, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Boston Sch Med, Dept Biochem, Boston, MA - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 3 MAR 25 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by profound involuntary weight loss, fat depletion, skeletal muscle wasting, and asthenia; all symptoms are not entirely attributable to inadequate nutritional intake. Adipose tissue and skeletal muscle loss during cancer cachexia development has been described systematically. The former was proposed to precede and be more rapid than the latter, which presents a means for the early detection of cachexia in cancer patients. Recently, pioglitazone (PGZ) was proposed to exhibit anticancer properties, including a reduction in insulin resistance and adipose tissue loss; nevertheless, few studies have evaluated its effect on survival. For greater insight into a potential anti-cachectic effect due to PGZ, 8-week-old male Wistar rats were subcutaneously inoculated with 1 mL (2x10(7)) of Walker 256 tumor cells. The animals were randomly assigned to two experimental groups: TC (tumor + saline-control) and TP5 (tumor + PGZ/5 mg). Body weight, food ingestion and tumor growth were measured at baseline and after removal of tumor on days 7, 14 and 26. Samples from different visceral adipose tissue (AT) depots were collected on days 7 and 14 and stored at -80oC (5 to 7 animals per day/group). The PGZ treatment showed an increase in the survival average of 27.3%(P<0.01) when compared to TC. It was also associated with enhanced body mass preservation (40.7 and 56.3%, p<0.01) on day 14 and 26 compared with the TC group. The treatment also reduced the final tumor mass (53.4%, p<0.05) and anorexia compared with the TC group during late-stage cachexia. The retroperitoneal AT (RPAT) mass was preserved on day 7 compared with the TC group during the same experimental period. Such effect also demonstrates inverse relationship with tumor growth, on day 14. Gene expression of PPAR-gamma, adiponectin, LPL and C/EBP-alpha from cachectic rats was upregulated after PGZ. Glucose uptake from adipocyte cells (RPAT) was entirely re-established due to PGZ treatment. Taken together, the results demonstrate beneficial effects of PGZ treatment at both the early and final stages of cachexia. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/51078-1 - Bases moleculares da caquexia: adipogênese e remodelagem da matriz extracelular do tecido adiposo branco de pacientes com câncer gastrointestinal
Beneficiário:Miguel Luiz Batista Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 08/54091-9 - Regulação e síntese de adipocinas na caquexia associada ao câncer: possível interação entre PPAR-gama e NF kappaB
Beneficiário:Marilia Cerqueira Leite Seelaender
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular