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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fitness Trade-offs Result in the Illusion of Social Success

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Autor(es):
Wolf, Jason B. [1] ; Howie, Jennifer A. [2] ; Parkinson, Katie [2] ; Gruenheit, Nicole [2] ; Melo, Diogo [3] ; Rozen, Daniel [4] ; Thompson, Christopher R. L. [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Bath, Dept Biol & Biochem, Bath BA2 7AY, Avon - England
[2] Univ Manchester, Fac Life Sci, Manchester M13 9PT, Lancs - England
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Leiden Univ, Inst Biol, Sylvius Lab, NL-2300 RA Leiden - Netherlands
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Current Biology; v. 25, n. 8, p. 1086-1090, APR 20 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Cooperation is ubiquitous across the tree of life, from simple microbes to the complex social systems of animals {[}1]. Individuals cooperate by engaging in costly behaviors that can be exploited by other individuals who benefit by avoiding these associated costs. Thus, if successful exploitation of social partners during cooperative interactions increases relative fitness, then we expect selection to lead to the emergence of a single optimal winning strategy in which individuals maximize their gain from cooperation while minimizing their associated costs {[}2]. Such social ``cheating'' appears to be widespread in nature {[}3], including in several microbial systems {[}4-11], but despite the fitness advantages favoring social cheating, populations tend to harbor significant variation in social success rather than a single optimal winning strategy. Using the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum, we provide a possible explanation for the coexistence of such variation. We find that genotypes typically designated as ``cheaters'' {[}12] because they produce a disproportionate number of spores in chimeric fruiting bodies do not actually gain higher fitness as a result of this apparent advantage because they produce smaller, less viable spores than putative ``losers.'' As a consequence of this trade-off between spore number and viability, genotypes with different spore production strategies, which give the appearance of differential social success, ultimately have similar realized fitness. These findings highlight the limitations of using single fitness proxies in evolutionary studies and suggest that interpreting social trait variation in terms of strategies like cheating or cooperating may be misleading unless these behaviors are considered in the context of the true multidimensional nature of fitness. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/01694-9 - Elaboração de um pacote em r para uso em pesquisa de genética quantitativa
Beneficiário:Diogo Amaral Reboucas Melo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 11/14295-7 - Modularidade e suas consequências evolutivas
Beneficiário:Gabriel Henrique Marroig Zambonato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático