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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Early Training-Induced Reduction of Angiotensinogen in Autonomic Areas-The Main Effect of Exercise on Brain Renin-Angiotensin System in Hypertensive Rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Chaar, Laiali Jurdi [1] ; Alves, Tatiana Pereira [2] ; Batista Junior, Alvaro Martins [2] ; Michelini, Lisete Compagno [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Inst Biomed Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anat, Inst Biomed Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 9 SEP 15 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

Background Exercise training (T) blunts functional deficits and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) hyperactivity in hypertensive individuals. There is no information on T-induced temporal changes of brain RAS. We evaluate now the simultaneous effects of T on functional responses and time course changes in the expression/activity of brain RAS components in autonomic cardiovascular- controlling areas. Methods and Results Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched normotensive controls (WKY) were trained for 0, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Sedentary (S) groups served as time-controls. After arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) recordings at rest, fresh and fixed brains were harvested for qPCR and immunofluorescence assays. SHR-S vs. WKY-S exhibited higher mean AP (MAP) and HR, increased pressure variability and sympathetic activity, elevated AT(1) receptor (AT(1)) expression in nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and higher Mas receptor expression in the rostroventrolateral medulla (RVLM). In SHR, T promptly (T-2 on) reduced sympathetic variability to heart/vessels and largely decreased angiotensinogen expression in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) and NTS, with a late RVLM reduction (T-4). AT(1) expression was only reduced at T-12 (PVN and NTS) with transient, not maintained Mas receptor changes in PVN and RVLM. These responses were accompanied by baseline MAP and HR reduction in the SHR-T (from T-4 on). In the SHR group, PVN angiotensinogen expression correlated positively with sympathetic activity, resting MAP and HR. In WKY-T, a precocious (T-2-T-12) RVLM AT(1) decrease preceded the appearance of resting bradycardia (from T-8 on). Conclusions Early and maintained reduction of angiotensinogen content in autonomic areas of the SHR is the most prominent effect of training on brain RAS. Down-regulation of PVN RAS expression is an essential factor to drive cardiovascular benefits in SHR-T, while resting bradycardia in WKY-T is correlated to RVLM AT(1) reduction. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/03708-9 - Efeitos sequenciais do treinamento aeróbio sobre a expressão de diferentes componentes do sistema renina-angiotensina em áreas centrais do controle autonômico de hipertensos espontâneos
Beneficiário:Laiali Jurdi El Chaar
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/51410-9 - Amelioration of the autonomic imbalances of old age with exercise: exploring the molecular and physiological mechanisms
Beneficiário:Lisete Compagno Michelini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/54299-1 - Efeitos da remoção seletiva dos barorreceptores arteriais sobre a expressão e funcionalidade de projeções vasopressinergicas e ocitocinérgicas ao bulbo dorsal e ventral sobre o controle autonômico
Beneficiário:Lisete Compagno Michelini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular