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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Early Training-Induced Reduction of Angiotensinogen in Autonomic Areas-The Main Effect of Exercise on Brain Renin-Angiotensin System in Hypertensive Rats

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Chaar, Laiali Jurdi [1] ; Alves, Tatiana Pereira [2] ; Batista Junior, Alvaro Martins [2] ; Michelini, Lisete Compagno [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Inst Biomed Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anat, Inst Biomed Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 9 SEP 15 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 16

Background Exercise training (T) blunts functional deficits and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) hyperactivity in hypertensive individuals. There is no information on T-induced temporal changes of brain RAS. We evaluate now the simultaneous effects of T on functional responses and time course changes in the expression/activity of brain RAS components in autonomic cardiovascular- controlling areas. Methods and Results Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched normotensive controls (WKY) were trained for 0, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Sedentary (S) groups served as time-controls. After arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) recordings at rest, fresh and fixed brains were harvested for qPCR and immunofluorescence assays. SHR-S vs. WKY-S exhibited higher mean AP (MAP) and HR, increased pressure variability and sympathetic activity, elevated AT(1) receptor (AT(1)) expression in nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and higher Mas receptor expression in the rostroventrolateral medulla (RVLM). In SHR, T promptly (T-2 on) reduced sympathetic variability to heart/vessels and largely decreased angiotensinogen expression in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) and NTS, with a late RVLM reduction (T-4). AT(1) expression was only reduced at T-12 (PVN and NTS) with transient, not maintained Mas receptor changes in PVN and RVLM. These responses were accompanied by baseline MAP and HR reduction in the SHR-T (from T-4 on). In the SHR group, PVN angiotensinogen expression correlated positively with sympathetic activity, resting MAP and HR. In WKY-T, a precocious (T-2-T-12) RVLM AT(1) decrease preceded the appearance of resting bradycardia (from T-8 on). Conclusions Early and maintained reduction of angiotensinogen content in autonomic areas of the SHR is the most prominent effect of training on brain RAS. Down-regulation of PVN RAS expression is an essential factor to drive cardiovascular benefits in SHR-T, while resting bradycardia in WKY-T is correlated to RVLM AT(1) reduction. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/51410-9 - Amelioration of the autonomic imbalances of old age with exercise: exploring the molecular and physiological mechanisms
Grantee:Lisete Compagno Michelini
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/54299-1 - Effects of sinoaortic denervation in the expression and activity of bulbar vasopressinergic and oxytocinergic projections on autonomic control in sedentary and trained normotensive and hypertensive rats
Grantee:Lisete Compagno Michelini
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/03708-9 - Sequential training-induced changes in the expression of different components of the renin-angiotensin system within autonomic controlling areas in SHR
Grantee:Laiali Jurdi El Chaar
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master