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Insights into the Hypertensive Effects of Tityus serrulatus Scorpion Venom: Purification of an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Like Peptidase

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Autor(es):
Cajado-Carvalho, Daniela ; Kuniyoshi, Alexandre Kazuo ; Duzzi, Bruno ; Iwai, Leo Kei ; de Oliveira, Ursula Castro ; Meirelles Junqueira de Azevedo, Inacio de Loiola ; Kodama, Roberto Tadashi ; Portaro, Fernanda Vieira
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TOXINS; v. 8, n. 12 DEC 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The number of cases of envenomation by scorpions has grown significantly in Brazil since 2007, with the most severe cases being caused by the Tityus serrulatus scorpion. Although envenomed patients mostly suffer neurotoxic manifestations, other symptoms, such as hypertension, cannot be exclusively attributed to neurotoxins. Omics analyses have detected plentiful amounts of metalloproteases in T. serrulatus venom. However, the roles played by these enzymes in envenomation are still unclear. Endeavoring to investigate the functions of scorpion venom proteases, we describe here for the first time an Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme-like peptidase (ACE-like) purified from T. serrulatus venom. The crude venom cleaved natural and fluorescent substrates and these activities were inhibited by captopril. Regarding the serum neutralization, the scorpion antivenom was more effective at blocking the ACE-like activity than arachnid antivenom, although neither completely inhibited the venom cleavage action, even at higher doses. ACE-like was purified from the venom after three chromatographic steps and its identity was confirmed by mass spectrometric and transcriptomic analyses. Bioinformatics analysis showed homology between the ACE-like transcript sequences from Tityus spp. and human testis ACE. These findings advance our understanding of T. serrulatus venom components and may improve treatment of envenomation victims, as ACE-like may contribute to envenomation symptoms, especially the resulting hypertension. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/15343-0 - Purificação e caracterização de peptidases presentes no veneno do escorpião Tityus serrulatus
Beneficiário:Daniela Cajado de Oliveira Souza Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/15364-3 - Análise do potencial tóxico de proteases e peptídeos presentes no veneno do escorpião Tityus serrulatus e do poder neutralizante dos antivenenos comerciais: aprimorando o conhecimento do veneno e seu mecanismo de ação
Beneficiário:Fernanda Calheta Vieira Portaro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular