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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Insights into the Hypertensive Effects of Tityus serrulatus Scorpion Venom: Purification of an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Like Peptidase

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Author(s):
Cajado-Carvalho, Daniela ; Kuniyoshi, Alexandre Kazuo ; Duzzi, Bruno ; Iwai, Leo Kei ; de Oliveira, Ursula Castro ; Meirelles Junqueira de Azevedo, Inacio de Loiola ; Kodama, Roberto Tadashi ; Portaro, Fernanda Vieira
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: TOXINS; v. 8, n. 12 DEC 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

The number of cases of envenomation by scorpions has grown significantly in Brazil since 2007, with the most severe cases being caused by the Tityus serrulatus scorpion. Although envenomed patients mostly suffer neurotoxic manifestations, other symptoms, such as hypertension, cannot be exclusively attributed to neurotoxins. Omics analyses have detected plentiful amounts of metalloproteases in T. serrulatus venom. However, the roles played by these enzymes in envenomation are still unclear. Endeavoring to investigate the functions of scorpion venom proteases, we describe here for the first time an Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme-like peptidase (ACE-like) purified from T. serrulatus venom. The crude venom cleaved natural and fluorescent substrates and these activities were inhibited by captopril. Regarding the serum neutralization, the scorpion antivenom was more effective at blocking the ACE-like activity than arachnid antivenom, although neither completely inhibited the venom cleavage action, even at higher doses. ACE-like was purified from the venom after three chromatographic steps and its identity was confirmed by mass spectrometric and transcriptomic analyses. Bioinformatics analysis showed homology between the ACE-like transcript sequences from Tityus spp. and human testis ACE. These findings advance our understanding of T. serrulatus venom components and may improve treatment of envenomation victims, as ACE-like may contribute to envenomation symptoms, especially the resulting hypertension. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/15343-0 - Purification and characterization of peptidases present in the venom of the scorpion Tityus serrulatus
Grantee:Daniela Cajado de Oliveira Souza Carvalho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/15364-3 - Toxic potential analysis of proteases and peptides present in scorpion Tityus serrulatus venom and the blockage capacity of commercial antivenoms: enhancing the knowledge of venom and its mechanism of action
Grantee:Fernanda Calheta Vieira Portaro
Support type: Regular Research Grants