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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The Coptotermes gestroi aldo-keto reductase: a multipurpose enzyme for biorefinery applications

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Tramontina, Robson ; Franco Cairo, Joao Paulo L. ; Liberato, Marcelo V. ; Mandelli, Fernanda ; Sousa, Amanda ; Santos, Samantha ; Rabelo, Sarita Candida ; Campos, Bruna ; Ienczak, Jaciane ; Ruller, Roberto ; Damasio, Andre R. L. ; Squina, Fabio Marcio
Número total de Autores: 12
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS; v. 10, JAN 3 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Background: In nature, termites can be considered as a model biological system for biofuel research based on their remarkable efficiency for lignocellulosic biomass conversion. Redox enzymes are of interest in second-generation ethanol production because they promote synergic enzymatic activity with classical hydrolases for lignocellulose saccharification and inactivate fermentation inhibitory compounds produced after lignocellulose pretreatment steps. Results: In the present study, the biochemical and structural characteristics of the Coptotermes gestroi aldo-keto reductase (CgAKR-1) were comprehensively investigated. CgAKR-1 displayed major structural differences compared with others AKRs, including the differences in the amino acid composition of the substrate-binding site, providing basis for classification as a founding member of a new AKR subfamily (family AKR1 I). Immunolocalization assays with anti-CgAKR-1 antibodies resulted in strong fluorescence in the salivary gland, proventriculus, and foregut. CgAKR-1 supplementation caused a 32% reduction in phenolic aldehydes, such as furfural, which act as fermentation inhibitors of hemicellulosic hydrolysates, and improved ethanol fermentation by the xylose-fermenting yeast Scheffersomyces stipitis by 45%. We observed synergistic enzymatic interactions between CgAKR-1 and commercial cellulosic cocktail for sugarcane bagasse saccharification, with a maximum synergism degree of 2.17 for sugar release. Our data indicated that additive enzymatic activity could be mediated by reactive oxygen species because CgAKR-1 could produce hydrogen peroxide. Conclusion: In summary, we identified the founding member of an AKRI subfamily with a potential role in the termite digestome. CgAKR-1 was found to be a multipurpose enzyme with potential biotechnological applications. The present work provided a basis for the development and application of integrative and multipurpose enzymes in the bioethanol production chain. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/06336-0 - Estudo das bases moleculares de módulos de ligação a carboidratos (CBMs) derivados de metagenômica
Beneficiário:Bruna Medéia de Campos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/20549-4 - Secreção de glicoproteínas heterólogas em Aspergillus: efeito do padrão de glicosilação em parâmetros funcionais de glicosil hidrolases
Beneficiário:André Ricardo de Lima Damasio
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 14/20576-7 - Caracterização de enzimas auxiliares (redox) do cupim Coptotermes gestroi que atuam em conjunto com hidrolases glicolíticas
Beneficiário:Robson Tramontina
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 14/04105-4 - Caracterização estrutural e funcional de novas celulases com foco na relação entre domínios catalíticos e CBMs
Beneficiário:Marcelo Vizoná Liberato
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/58037-9 - Geração de biblioteca para conversão enzimática de biomassa a partir de metagenoma do solo
Beneficiário:Fábio Márcio Squina
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores