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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Isolation-by-time population structure in potamodromous Dourado Salminus brasiliensis in southern Brazil

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Autor(es):
Ribolli, Josiane ; Hoeinghaus, David J. ; Johnson, Jeff A. ; Zaniboni-Filho, Evoy ; de Freitas, Patricia D. ; Galetti, Jr., Pedro M.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CONSERVATION GENETICS; v. 18, n. 1, p. 67-76, FEB 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Isolation-by-distance is recognized as a useful model for describing the spatial distribution of gene frequencies depending on dispersal characteristics of the species under study. However, some species may have populations that occupy the same geographic distribution during the breeding season yet reproduce at different time periods resulting in isolation-by-time (IBT). IBT may complicate investigations of spatial population structure if samples are obtained from multiple discrete time periods or may remain undiscovered if surveys are conducted with limited temporal scope. IBT has been observed in several studies of anadromous fishes (primarily salmon) as well as a few examples in taxa such as frogs, plants, birds and insects, but has not been rigorously tested in freshwater fishes. In this study, we assessed spatial and temporal genetic variation and tested for IBT in Dourado (Salminus brasiliensis), a large and commercially-important potamodromous fish species found in multiple river basins of South America. Using 11 polymorphic microsatellite loci, we estimated genetic differentiation of 317 adult Dourado collected monthly during the breeding season at three locations along the Uruguay River in southern Brazil. Analyses identified three populations that were clustered in time (i.e. early, middle and late), suggesting an IBT pattern of population structure with no significant spatial structure. Our results contribute to the mounting evidence across a wide range of taxa that suggests IBT may be more common that currently considered, even for species with very high dispersal capabilities such as potamodromous fishes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/52315-7 - Predadores de topo de cadeia alimentar
Beneficiário:Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular