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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Prevalence and Correlates of Elder Abuse in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro

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Autor(es):
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Blay, Sergio L. [1] ; Laks, Jerson [2, 3] ; Marinho, Valeska [2] ; Figueira, Ivan [2] ; Maia, Deborah [4] ; Coutinho, Evandro S. F. [4] ; Quintana, Ines M. [1] ; Mello, Marcelo F. [1] ; Bressan, Rodrigo A. [1] ; Mari, Jair J. [1] ; Andreoli, Sergio B. [1]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Psychiat, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[3] Univ Grande Rio, Postgrad Program Translat Biomed, Caxias - Brazil
[4] Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Natl Sch Publ Hlth, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY; v. 65, n. 12, p. 2634-2638, DEC 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of elder abuse and to investigate potential sociodemographic, health behavior, and medical correlates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected in face-to-face assessments. SETTING: Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 to 75. MEASUREMENTS: Information on elder abuse was obtained using the Brazil-adapted, nine-item Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test. Sampling design-adjusted descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used in analyses. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of abuse was 14.4% (n = 46/259, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 9.82-20.61) in Sao Paulo and 13.3% (n = 27/197, 95% CI = 8.76-19.74) in Rio de Janeiro. Unadjusted analyses indicated that poor education, low physical activity, unemployment, heart disease, and psychiatric problems were associated with abuse, but in adjusted analyses, self-reported elder abuse was significantly associated only with psychiatric problems (Sao Paulo: OR = 4.48, 95% CI = 1.75-11.45; Rio de Janeiro: OR = 21.61, 95% CI = 6.39-73.14). CONCLUSION: Elder abuse is prevalent in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, but whether concomitants of abuse are cause, effect, or both is unclear because this was a cross-sectional study. These findings highlight the importance of the problem, as well as the need to develop measures to increase awareness, facilitate prevention, and fight against abuse of elderly adults . (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/02246-5 - Estudo dos padrões de conectividade cerebral relacionadas à experiências psicóticas ao longo da infância e adolescência e sua modulação por fatores genéticos e ambientais
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 04/15039-0 - Transtorno do estresse pós-traumático: epidemiologia, fisiopatologia e tratamento
Beneficiário:Jair de Jesus Mari
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático