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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Sequence length dependence in arginine/phenylalanine oligopeptides: Implications for self-assembly and cytotoxicity

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Autor(es):
Silva, Emerson R. [1] ; Listik, Eduardo [2] ; Han, Sang W. [1] ; Alves, Wendel A. [3] ; Soares, Bruna M. [3] ; Reza, Mehedi [4] ; Ruokolainen, Janne [4] ; Hamley, Ian W. [5]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biofis, Rua Botucatu 862, 7 Andar, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humans, BR-09210580 Santo Andre - Brazil
[4] Aalto Univ, Dept Appl Phys, FI-00076 Aalto - Finland
[5] Univ Reading, Dept Chem, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks - England
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biophysical Chemistry; v. 233, p. 1-12, FEB 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

We present a detailed study on the self-assembly and cytotoxicity of arginine-rich fragments with general form {[}RF](n) (n = 1-5). These highly simplified sequences, containing only two L-amino acids, provide suitable models for exploring both structure and cytotoxicity features of arginine-based oligopeptides. The organization of the sequences is revealed over a range of length scales, from the nanometer range down to the level of molecular packing, and their cytotoxicity toward C6 rat glioma and RAW264.7 macrophage cell lines is investigated. We found that the polymorphism is dependent on peptide length, with a progressive increase in crystalline ordering upon increasing the number of {[}RF] pairs along the backbone. A dependence on length was also found for other observables, including critical aggregation concentrations, formation of chiral assemblies and half maximum inhibitory concentrations (IC50). Whereas shorter peptides self-assemble into fractal-like aggregates, clear fibrillogenic capabilities are identified for longer sequences with octameric and decameric chains exhibiting crystalline phases organized into cross-beta structures. Cell viability assays revealed dose-dependent cytotoxicity profiles with very similar behavior for both glioma and macrophage cell lines, which has been interpreted as evidence for a nonspecific mechanism involved in toxicity. We propose that structural organization of {[}RP](n) peptides plays a paramount role regarding toxicity due to strong increase of local charge density induced by self assemblies rich in cationic groups when interacting with cell membranes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/24409-3 - Peptídeos Penetrantes de Células para Transporte de DNA plasmídial e microRNA: da Estrutura Nanoscópica a Entrega de Genes.
Beneficiário:Emerson Rodrigo da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/24018-1 - Conjugados polímero-peptídeo para formulação de hidrogéis e seu uso em detecção
Beneficiário:Wendel Andrade Alves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular