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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Phase behavior of cholesterol in mixtures with hypo- and hypercholesterolemic lipids

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Esperanca, Eduardo de Souza [1] ; Bonatto, Mariane Soares [1] ; Shimamoto, Gustavo Giraldi [2] ; Tubino, Matthieu [2] ; Costa, Mariana Conceicao [3] ; de Almeida Meirelles, Antonio Jose [1] ; Maximo, Guilherme Jose [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Food Engn, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Chem Inst, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Chem Engn, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOOD & FUNCTION; v. 9, n. 6, p. 3447-3455, JUN 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Some lipidic bioactives are largely reported to present hypocholesterolemic effects, for example, oleic acid, -tocopherol, and octacosanol, found in rice-bran, olive, and sunflower oils. In contrast, some saturated and trans-unsaturated lipids found in animal fats or partially hydrogenated oils have been associated with the opposite effect. However, the mechanisms in which these lipids act for lowering or increasing cholesterol are not fully understood. In this context, this work was aimed at a fundamental physicochemical comprehension of how cholesterol phase behavior is affected in mixtures with these compounds. The complete solid-liquid equilibrium (SLE) phase diagrams of these mixtures were depicted by differential scanning calorimetry and microscopy, and also evaluated by the SLE thermodynamic theory. The minimal melting temperature (eutectic points) of the mixtures followed the order: -tocopherol < oleic acid < elaidic acid < stearic acid < octacosanol. Among all biocompounds, stearic and trans-oleic acids promoted few changes in the normal thermodynamic behavior of cholesterol when in a mixture. In contrast, -tocopherol induced a significant temperature depression in the system. Furthermore, at high concentrations of cholesterol (>90% molar fraction), the formation of solid solution was observed in all other systems, to a higher degree for oleic acid. The higher interactions of these beneficial compounds and the formation of solid solution that literature associates with the alteration of cholesterol enteric absorption probably correlates with their hypocholesterolemic effects. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/25778-2 - Comportamento termodinâmico do colesterol em misturas com biocompostos lipídicos no trato gastrointestinal
Beneficiário:Mariane Soares Bonatto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 14/21252-0 - Equilíbrio e processos de produção de biocombustíveis e bioprodutos
Beneficiário:Antonio José de Almeida Meirelles
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/08566-1 - Termodinâmica do equilíbrio de fases para o melhoramento das propriedades físicas de bioprodutos alimentícios e sua predição em processos industriais e digestivos
Beneficiário:Guilherme José Maximo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/05027-1 - Equilíbrio sólido-líquido de compostos graxos e ponto de fulgor de biodiesel
Beneficiário:Mariana Conceição da Costa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores