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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A lizard acting as carrier of the amphibian-killing chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in southern Brazil

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Autor(es):
Pontes, Mariana R. [1, 2] ; Augusto-Alves, Guilherme [3, 2] ; Lambertini, Carolina [3, 2] ; Toledo, Luis Felipe [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Lab Hist Nat Anfibios Brasileiros LaHNAB, Dept Biol Anim, Inst Biol, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Programa Posgrad Biol Anim, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Acta Herpetologica; v. 13, n. 2, p. 201-205, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Fungal infections are causing widespread population declines and extinctions in all vertebrate classes. Among them, an important fungal disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the pathogenic chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). With an aquatic infectious phase, Bd does not survive desiccation for long, but may be transported by non-amphibian carriers. Such mechanism is key to understand amphibian-chytrid dynamics and may contribute to local amphibian conservation action plans. Therefore, we surveyed Bd in reptiles from two different Brazilian rainforests, looking for possible Bd carriers. We sampled 35 individuals belonging to 11 squamate families, five from the Atlantic Forest and 30 from the Amazon. We detected Bd in one adult lizard, Placosoma glabellum. This lizard feeds, shelters, and breeds in the leaf-litter, and moves between Atlantic Forest streams. Hence, it may be carrying Bd from stream to stream, and also spreading the pathogen to direct-developing amphibians, which have no contact with water bodies and are more susceptible to chytridiomycosis than aquatic species. This is the first record of a non-amphibian chytrid carrier in South America. We suggest that additional field and museum samplings will contribute to understand whether Bd can actually infect reptiles, and how reptile carriers can affect chytrid dynamics in the wild. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/25358-3 - O fungo quitrídio no Brasil: da sua origem às suas consequências
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático