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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Immunomodulatory and morphophysiological effects of Rhipicephalus sanguineus s. l. (Acari: Ixodidae) salivary gland extracts

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Abreu, Marina Rodrigues [1] ; Pereira, Melissa Carolina [1] ; Simioni, Patricia Ucelli [1, 2] ; Nodari, Elen Fernanda [1] ; Paiatto, Lisiery Negrini [2] ; Camargo-Mathias, Maria Izabel [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Biosci Inst, Dept Biol, Ave 24 A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] FAM, Fac Amer, Dept Biomed Sci, Americana, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY; v. 207, p. 36-45, JAN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Rhipicephalus sanguineus s. l. is popularly known as the ``brown dog tick{''} since dogs are its preferential hosts, but the species has been reported to parasitize other mammals, including humans, with significant medical-veterinary importance since it transmits several important pathogenic agents during the feeding period. The tick saliva is a complex mixture that has several functions, including the capability to modulate the hemostatic, inflammatory and immunologic systems of the host, allowing pathogens to settle. Despite knowledge about the immunosuppressive action of tick saliva, little is known about the mechanisms involved in this process and the morphophysiological effects caused by exposure to the salivary gland extract, taking into consideration the different periods of the glandular cycle. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the in vitro effects of salivary gland extracts obtained from R. sanguineus s. l. females fed on host rabbits for two (SGE2 - Salivary Gland Extracts of 2 days) and four days (SGE4 - Salivary Gland Extracts of 4 days) on J774 cells (monocyte macrophage cell line) and verify the occurrence of morphological and immunomodulatory alterations in these cells when exposed to different concentrations of these extracts. The results showed that: (i) SGE2 and SGE4 at the concentration of 4 mu g/mL presented cytotoxicity to the J774 cells exposed for 24 and 48 hours; (ii) SGE2 at the concentrations of 2 mu g/mL(48-hour exposure) and 1 mu g/mL (24-hour exposure) and SGE4 at the concentrations of 2 and 1 mu g/mL (48-hour exposure) showed proinflammatory activity, confirmed by the increased secretion of NO and proinflammatory cytokine (IL-2), and the presence of morphological characteristics detected by microscopy; and (iii) SGE2 and SGE4 at the concentrations of 0.5 and 0.1 mu g/mL had immunomodulatory activity, demonstrated by decreases in the secretion of NO and proinflammatory cytokines (IL2, IL-6 and TNF-alpha) and increase in the synthesis of IL-10, confirmed by the morphophysiological analysis. These unprecedented data are extremely relevant for future research to identify the processes involved in the ectoparasite-host relationship, as well to develop more efficient tick control strategies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/02843-8 - Hematofagia em fêmeas de Rhipicephalus sanguineus L. S. (Acari: Ixodidae) e suas relações: bioquímicas (bioativos presentes em extratos) e morfofisiológicas (glândulas salivares e intestino)
Beneficiário:Elen Fernanda Nodari
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 18/02999-9 - Ação in vitro e in vivo do ozônio sobre células de linhagem embrionária (RML RSE e RML-15) e fêmeas adultas de carrapatos R. sanguineus s. l. semi ingurgitadas
Beneficiário:Marina Rodrigues de Abreu
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/20258-2 - Efeitos da tolerância oral e da administração de células dendríticas sobre a resposta imune na colite experimental
Beneficiário:Patricia Ucelli Simioni
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/20745-6 - Exposição de células da linhagem tumoral J774 (macrófago) ao extrato das glândulas salivares de fêmeas de carrapato Rhipicephalus sanguineus L.S. (Acari: Ixodidae): avaliação morfofisiológica
Beneficiário:Melissa Carolina Pereira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica