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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Forest cover and landscape heterogeneity shape ant-plant co-occurrence networks in human-dominated tropical rainforests

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Autor(es):
Corro, Erick J. [1] ; Ahuatzin, Diana A. [1] ; Aguirre Jaimes, Armando [2] ; Favila, Mario E. [1] ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar [3] ; Lopez-Acosta, Juan C. [4] ; Dattilo, Wesley [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Ecol AC, Red Ecoetol, Xalapa, Veracruz - Mexico
[2] Inst Ecol AC, Red Interacc Multitrof, Xalapa, Veracruz - Mexico
[3] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Biosci Inst, Spatial Ecol & Conservat Lab LEEC, Dept Ecol, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Veracruzana, Ctr Invest Trop, Xalapa, Veracruz - Mexico
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY; v. 34, n. 1, p. 93-104, JAN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

ContextThe effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on biodiversity involve a series of mechanisms and processes that cannot be studied in isolation, mainly because human-modified landscapes are spatially heterogeneous. Despite the recent evidence on how habitat quality and landscape structure may regulate species composition and community structure, there is no empirical information on how ant-plant co-occurrence networks respond to landscape changes.ObjectivesIn this study, we used tools derived from landscape ecology and graph theory to model how habitat loss and forest fragmentation affect ant-plant co-occurrence networks at two different spatial levels (local and landscape) in a human-modified tropical rainforest in Mexico. Methods We sampled ant-plant co-occurrence networks in 16 landscapes and calculated species and co-occurrence diversity as well as the specialisation of the networks. For each landscape, we measured a series of biotic and abiotic variables at the local level and another set of variables at the landscape level.ResultsWe found that the landscape context (i.e. forest cover and landscape heterogeneity) was a better predictor of plant diversity and diversity of ant-plant co-occurrences compared with local characteristics. Moreover, we also observed that network specialisation was positively related to the amount of forest cover in landscapes.ConclusionsIn short, our results highlight the importance of studying the diversity of species and co-occurrence networks within a landscape approach to predict the impact of habitat loss and fragmentation at different spatial levels and contexts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50421-2 - Novos métodos de amostragem e ferramentas estatísticas para pesquisa em biodiversidade: integrando ecologia de movimento com ecologia de população e comunidade
Beneficiário:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular