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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Match Running Performance in Young Soccer Players: A Systematic Review

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Palucci Vieira, Luiz Henrique [1, 2, 3] ; Carling, Christopher [4] ; Barbieri, Fabio Augusto [3] ; Aquino, Rodrigo [1, 5] ; Pereira Santiago, Paulo Roberto [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FMRP Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, LaBioCoM Biomech & Motor Control Lab, Campus Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Fac Sci, Phys Educ Dept, MOVI LAB Human Movement Res Lab, Campus Bauru, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Cent Lancashire, Inst Coaching & Performance, Preston, Lancs - England
[5] Univ Porto, FADEUP Fac Sports, CIFI2D, Porto - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: SPORTS MEDICINE; v. 49, n. 2, p. 289-318, FEB 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1

Background To date, athletic performance has been extensively assessed in youth soccer players through laboratory and field testing. Only recently has running performance via time-motion analysis been assessed during match play. Match running data are often useful in a practical context to aid game understanding and decision making regarding training content and prescriptions. A plethora of previous reviews have collated and appraised the literature on time-motion analysis in professional senior players, but none have solely examined youth players. Objective The aim of the present systematic review was to provide a critical appraisal and summary of the original research articles that have evaluated match running performance in young male soccer players. Methods Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement, literature searches were performed in four databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, SPORTDiscus and SciELO. We used the following descriptors: soccer, football, young, youth, junior, physical performance, running performance, match running performance, movement patterns, time-motion analysis, distances covered, activity profile, work rate, match analysis, and match performance. Articles were included only if they were original articles written in the English language, studied populations of male children and/or adolescents (aged <= 20 years), were published/ahead of print on or before 31 December 2017 and showed at least one outcome measure regarding match running performance, such as total distance covered, peak game speed or indicators of activities performed at established speed thresholds. Results A total of 5801 records were found. After duplicates were removed and exclusion and inclusion criteria applied, 50 articles were included (n = 2615 participants). Their outcome measures were extracted and findings were synthesized. The majority of the reviewed papers covered the European continent (62%) and used global positioning systems (GPS) (64%). Measurement error of the tools used to obtain position data and running metrics was systematically overlooked among the studies. The main aims of studies were to examine differences across playing positions (20%), age groups (26%) and match halves (36%). Consistent findings pointed to the existence of positional role and age effects on match running output (using fixed running speed thresholds), but there was no clear consensus about reductions in activity over the course of match play. Congested schedules negatively affected players' running performance. While over 32% of all studies assessed the relationships between match running performance and physical capacity, biochemical markers and body composition, similar to 70% of these did not account for playing position. Conclusions This review collated scientific evidence that can aid soccer conditioning professionals in understanding external match loads across youth categories. Coaches working with youth development programs should consider that data derived from a given population may not be relevant for other populations, since game rules, match format and configuration are essentially unstandardized among studies for age-matched players. Despite limited evidence, periodization training emphasizing technical-tactical content can improve match running performance. Occurrence of acute and residual impairments in the running performance of young soccer players is common. Prescription of postmatch recovery strategies, such as cold water immersion and spa treatment, can potentially help reduce these declines, although additional research is warranted. This review also highlighted areas requiring further investigation, such as the possible influence of environmental and contextual constraints and a more integrative approach combining tactical and technical data. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/02965-7 - Influência da qualidade do sono, potencialização pós-ativação e imersão em água gelada na mecânica de movimento e desempenho do chute em jovens jogadores de futebol
Beneficiário:Luiz Henrique Palucci Vieira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/50250-1 - O segredo de jogar futebol: Brasil versus Holanda
Beneficiário:Claudio Alexandre Gobatto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/20945-0 - EMU concedido no processo 16/50250-1: local positioning system
Beneficiário:Ricardo da Silva Torres
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários