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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Acute effects of somatomammotropin hormones on neuronal components of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silveira, Marina A. [1] ; Zampieri, Thais T. [1] ; Furigo, Isadora C. [2] ; Abdulkader, Fernando [2] ; Donato, Jr., Jose [2] ; Frazao, Renata [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Anat, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brain Research; v. 1714, p. 210-217, JUL 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) are known as pleiotropic hormones. Accordingly, the distribution of their receptors comprises several organs and tissues, including the central nervous system. The appropriate secretion of both hormones is essential for sexual maturation and maintenance of reproductive functions, while defects in their secretion affect puberty onset and can cause infertility. Conversely, GH therapy at a prepubertal age may accelerate puberty. On the other hand, hyperprolactinemia is a frequent cause of infertility. While the action of PRL in some central components of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Gonadal (HPG) axis, such as the kisspeptin neurons, has been well documented, the possible effects of GH in the hypothalamus are still elusive. Thus, the present study was designed to investigate whether somatomammotropin hormones are able to modulate the activity of critical neuronal components of the HPG axis, including kisspeptin neurons and cells of the ventral premammillary nucleus (PMv). Our results revealed that GH effects in kisspeptin neurons of the anteroventral periventricular and rostral periventricular nuclei or in PMv neurons relies predominantly on the recruitment of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) rather than through acute changes in resting membrane potential. Importantly, kisspeptin neurons located at the arcuate nucleus were not directly responsive to GH. Additionally, our findings further identified PMv neurons as potential targets of PRL, since PRL induces the phosphorylation of STAT5 and depolarizes PMv neurons. Combined, our data provide evidence that GH and PRL may affect the HPG axis via specific hypothalamic neurons. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/20198-5 - Papel da leptina na neuromodulação puberal
Beneficiário:Thais Tessari Zampieri
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07908-8 - Puberdade precoce na obesidade infantil: possíveis mecanismos e influência da leptina
Beneficiário:Renata Frazão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/02983-2 - Ação do hormônio do crescimento no sistema nervoso: relevância para as funções neurais e na doença
Beneficiário:Jose Donato Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/09679-4 - Estudo dos efeitos centrais do hormônio do crescimento sobre o metabolismo energético e controle glicêmico
Beneficiário:Isadora Clivatti Furigo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado