Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Excess body weight in the city of SAo Paulo: panorama from 2003 to 2015, associated factors and projection for the next years

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Pereira, Jaqueline Lopes [1] ; dos Santos Vieira, Diva Aliete [2] ; Goi Porto Alves, Maria Cecilia [3] ; Galvao Cesar, Chester Luis [4] ; Goldbaum, Moises [5] ; Fisberg, Regina Mara [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Nutr, Lagarto - Brazil
[3] Dept Hlth State Sao Paulo, Inst Hlth, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BMC PUBLIC HEALTH; v. 18, DEC 3 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

BackgroundExcess body weight (EBW: overweight and obesity) has high and rising prevalence in Brazil. Up-to-date information about the distribution and changes in the prevalence of EBW and their associated factors are essential to determine target groups and to identify priority actions. The aim of this study was to investigate the associated factors and to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the adolescent and adult population of the city of SAo Paulo in the years of 2003, 2008, and 2015, as well as to estimate the prediction for the next years.MethodsIndividuals aged 12years and older from three editions of the Health Survey of SAo Paulo (ISA-Capital), a cross-sectional population-based survey, carried out in 2003 (n=2144), 2008 (n=2599), and 2015 (n=3939), had their socioeconomic, anthropometric, and lifestyle data collected at households. Individuals were classified according to their age and BMI as: without excess body weight, overweight, or obese. Differences were evaluated through Pearson's Chi-square test and comparison of 95% CI. Generalized ordered logit models were used to evaluate factors associated to overweight/obesity and logistic regression models were used to predict their prevalence for the next years.ResultsThe prevalence (95% CI) of obesity in total population doubled: from 10% (8.0, 12.5) in 2003 to 19.2% (17.8, 20.6) in 2015. The main increase occurred in female adolescents from 2.5% (1.2, 5.3) to 11.2% (8.4, 14.7) and adults, from 9.2% (6.4, 13.1) to 22.3% (20.0, 24.8). Those with higher chance of having EBW were adults, those with higher income, and former smokers. The prevalence of EBW increased 31% from 2003 to 2008, and 126% from 2003 to 2015, when half of the population had EBW. If this pattern does not change, 77% of the population is expected to have EBW by 2030.ConclusionsOur findings present up-to-date information about the distribution of EBW, which increased substantially over a short time and more prominently in specific groups. The factors associated with EBW may provide important information for decision makers and researchers to create or review the existing programs and interventions in order to decrease the trend for the next years. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 98/14099-7 - Inquérito de saúde no estado de São Paulo, inquérito domiciliar de base populacional em municípios do estado de São Paulo - 1999-2000
Beneficiário:Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisa em Políticas Públicas
Processo FAPESP: 16/07711-8 - Dieta e excesso de peso em adolescentes da Cidade de São Paulo - panorama da última década e interação com polimorfismos
Beneficiário:Jaqueline Lopes Pereira França
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 07/51488-2 - Métodos para estimativa da prevalência de inadequação de nutrientes em indivíduos residentes no município de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Regina Mara Fisberg
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/22113-9 - Indicadores bioquímicos do estado nutricional de micronutrientes e consumo alimentar habitual de residentes do Município de São Paulo - Estudo ISA 2013
Beneficiário:Regina Mara Fisberg
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/15831-0 - Fatores dietéticos, homocisteína, polimorfismos do gene MTHFR e risco cardiovascular em adultos e idosos: estudo de base populacional - ISA - capital
Beneficiário:Regina Mara Fisberg
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular