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Uridine diphosphate glucuronosyl transferase 1A (UGT1A1) promoter polymorphism in young patients with sickle cell anaemia: report of the first cohort study from Nigeria

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Autor(es):
Olatunya, Oladele Simeon [1, 2] ; Albuquerque, Dulcineia Martins [2] ; Akanbi, Ganiyu Olusola [3] ; Aduayi, Olufunso Simisola [3] ; Taiwo, Adekunle Bamidele [4] ; Faboya, Opeyemi Ayodeji [5] ; Kayode, Tolorunju Segun [6] ; Leonardo, Daniela Pinheiro [2] ; Adekile, Adekunle [7] ; Costa, Fernando Ferreira [2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Ekiti State Univ, Coll Med, Dept Paediat, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State - Nigeria
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Hemoctr, Hematol & Hemotherapy Ctr, Rua Carlos Chagas 480, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Ekiti State Univ, Dept Radiol, Coll Med, Ado Ekiti - Nigeria
[4] Ekiti State Univ, Teaching Hosp, Dept Paediat, Ado Ekiti - Nigeria
[5] Ekiti State Univ, Dept Med Biochem, Coll Med, Ado Ekiti - Nigeria
[6] Ekiti State Univ, Teaching Hosp, Dept Chem Pathol, Ado Ekiti - Nigeria
[7] Kuwait Univ, Dept Pediat, Fac Med, Jabriya - Kuwait
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BMC MEDICAL GENETICS; v. 20, n. 1 OCT 16 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background (TA) n repeat sequence (rs8175347) of UGT1A1 gene promoter polymorphism is associated with serum bilirubin levels and gallstones among different sickle cell anaemia (SCA) populations. There are no data on UGT1A1 polymorphisms and their impact on Nigerian SCA patients. In this study, we determined the distribution of the UGT1A1 (TA) n genotypes among a group of young Nigerian SCA patients and healthy controls. In addition, the influence of UGT1A1 (TA) n genotypes on the laboratory and clinical events among the patients was determined. Methods The distribution of the UGT1A1 (TA) n genotypes among 101 young Nigerian SCA patients and 64 normal appropriate controls were determined and studied. The UGT1A1 (TA) n genotypes were further classified into subgroups and used to differentiate the clinical events and laboratory parameters of the patients. Results Four (TA) n alleles:(TA)5, 6, 7, and 8 were found. These were associated with 10 genotypes: TA5/5, 5/6, 5/7, 5/8, 6/6, 6/7, 6/8, 7/7, 7/8, 8/8. The normal (wild-type)-(TA) 6/6), low- (TA) 7/7, 7/8, 8/8), intermediate- (TA) 5/7, 5/8, 6/7, 6/8), and high-activity (TA) 5/5, 5/6,) genotypes were found in 24.8, 24.8, 41.5, and 8.9% patients and 20.3, 15.6, 61, and 3.1% controls respectively. The general genotype distribution of the patients and control group were not significantly different. There were significant differences in serum bilirubin and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) of the patients when differentiated by the UGT1A1 (TA) n genotypes (p<0.05). Asymptomatic gallstones were found in 5.9% of patients and were significantly of the low-activity genotypes sub-group 5 (20%) vs 1(1.3%) p = 0.0033. Although, bilirubin and fetal hemoglobin (HbF) of patients with gallstones were significantly different from those without gallstone, only the serum bilirubin was associated with UGT1A1 (TA) n genotypes on multivariate analysis (p < 0.0001). Conclusion This study highlights the contribution of UGT1A1 polymorphisms, a non-globin genetic factor, to the laboratory and clinical manifestations of young Nigerian SCA patients for the first time. It also shows that children with co-inheritance of low UGT1A1 (TA) n affinity genotypes may be at risk of gallstone, hence the need to follow them up. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/00984-3 - Doenças dos glóbulos vermelhos: fisiopatologia e novas abordagens terapêuticas
Beneficiário:Fernando Ferreira Costa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático