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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Living on the edge: Forest cover threshold effect on endangered maned sloth occurrence in Atlantic Forest

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Autor(es):
Santos, Paloma Marques [1, 2, 3] ; Bailey, Larissa Lynn [4] ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar [2] ; Chiarello, Adriano Garcia [5] ; Paglia, Adriano Pereira [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Biol Geral, Lab Ecol & Conservacao, Av Presidente Antonio Carlos 6627, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, LEEC, UNESP, Av 24 A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Pesquisa & Conservacao Tamanduas Brazil, Sala 130, BR-64207750 Parnaiba, PI - Brazil
[4] Colorado State Univ, Dept Fish Wildlife & Conservat Biol, Ft Collins, CO 80523 - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Faosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biol, Av Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biological Conservation; v. 240, DEC 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Habitat loss and the isolation of remaining habitats are undoubtedly the two greatest threats to biodiversity conservation, especially for the maned sloth, due to its ecological restrictions. In this study, we identified a critical threshold of forest cover for maned sloth occurrence and explored the effects of other local and landscape variables. We sampled 68 sites, where we searched for the maned sloth and collected local habitat variables. We calculated the percentage of forest cover and open areas, assessing the appropriated scale through model selection. We used occupancy models and model selection methods to identify the threshold and assess occupancy and detection probabilities. The occupancy probability of the maned sloth is 0.97, but it decreases abruptly at 35% of forest cover, reaching zero in areas with less than 20% of forest cover. The two landscape variables are the most important predictors of sloth occupancy, based on the cumulative weight of evidence, were: Forest cover (78%) and Open areas cover (46%); the latter influencing negatively maned sloth occupancy. This is the first attempt to identify the habitat requirements of the threatened maned sloth in a fragmented area using landscape and local variables. Our results imply that conservation of maned sloth will benefit from an increase in the amount of native forest at the landscape scale. Given difficulties in the creation of new public protected areas, this improvement could be achieved via the recovery of areas located in private properties that are protected by the Brazilian Forest Code. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50421-2 - Novos métodos de amostragem e ferramentas estatísticas para pesquisa em biodiversidade: integrando ecologia de movimento com ecologia de população e comunidade
Beneficiário:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular