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(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Large miRNA survival analysis reveals a prognostic four-biomarker signature for triple negative breast cancer

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Autor(es):
Fernando Andrade ; Asuka Nakata ; Noriko Gotoh ; André Fujita
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY; v. 43, n. 1, p. -, 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Abstract Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is currently the only major breast tumor subtype without effective targeted therapy and, as a consequence, usually presents a poor outcome. Due to its more aggressive phenotype, there is an urgent clinical need to identify novel biomarkers that discriminate individuals with poor prognosis. We hypothesize that miRNAs can be used to this end because they are involved in the initiation and progression of tumors by altering the expression of their target genes. To identify a prognostic biomarker in TNBC, we analyzed the miRNA expression of a cohort composed of 185 patients diagnosed with TNBC using penalized Cox regression models. We identified a four-biomarker signature based on miR-221, miR-1305, miR-4708, and RMDN2 expression levels that allowed for the subdivision of TNBC into high- or low-risk groups (Hazard Ratio – HR = 0.32; 95% Confidence Interval - CI = 0.11–0.91; p = 0.03) and are also statistically associated with survival outcome in subgroups of postmenopausal status (HR = 0.19; 95% CI = 0.04–0.90; p= 0.016), node negative status (HR = 0.12; 95% CI = 0.01–1.04; p = 0.026), and tumors larger than 2cm (HR = 0.21; 95% CI = 0.05–0.81; p = 0.021). This four-biomarker signature was significantly associated with TNBC as an independent prognostic factor for survival. (AU)