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Top Common Differentially Expressed Genes in the Epileptogenic Nucleus of Two Strains of Rodents Susceptible to Audiogenic Seizures: WAR and GASH/Sal

Texto completo
Damasceno, Samara [1] ; Gomez-Nieto, Ricardo [1, 2] ; Garcia-Cairasco, Norberto [3] ; Javier Herrero-Turrion, Manuel [1, 4] ; Marin, Faustino [5] ; Lopez, Dolores E. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Salamanca, Inst Neurosci Castilla & Leon, Salamanca - Spain
[2] Salamanca Inst Biomed Res, Salamanca - Spain
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[4] INCYL Neurol Tissue Bank BTN INCYL, Salamanca - Spain
[5] Univ Murcia, Sch Med, Dept Human Anat & Psychobiol, Murcia - Spain
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY; v. 11, FEB 13 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

The Wistar Audiogenic Rat (WAR) and the Genetic Audiogenic Seizure Hamster from Salamanca (GASH/Sal) strains are audiogenic epilepsy models, in which seizures are triggered by acoustic stimulation. These strains were developed by selective reproduction and have a genetic background with minimal or no variation. In the current study, we evaluated the transcriptome of the inferior colliculus, the epileptogenic nucleus, of both audiogenic models, in order to get insights into common molecular aspects associated to their epileptic phenotype. Based on GASH/Sal RNA-Seq and WAR microarray data, we performed a comparative analysis that includes selection and functional annotation of differentially regulated genes in each model, transcriptional evaluation by quantitative reverse transcription PCR of common genes identified in both transcriptomes and immunohistochemistry. The microarray data revealed 71 genes with differential expression in WAR, and the RNA-Seq data revealed 64 genes in GASH/Sal, showing common genes in both models. Analysis of transcripts showed that Egr3 was overexpressed in WAR and GASH/Sal after audiogenic seizures. The Npy, Rgs2, Ttr, and Abcb1a genes presented the same transcriptional profile in the WAR, being overexpressed in the naive and stimulated WAR in relation to their controls. Npy appeared overexpressed only in the naive GASH/Sal compared to its control, while Rgs2 and Ttr genes appeared overexpressed in naive GASH/Sal and overexpressed after audiogenic seizure. No statistical difference was observed in the expression of Abcb1a in the GASH/Sal model. Compared to control animals, the immunohistochemical analysis of the inferior colliculus showed an increased immunoreactivity for NPY, RGS2, and TTR in both audiogenic models. Our data suggest that WAR and GASH/Sal strains have a difference in the timing of gene expression after seizure, in which GASH/Sal seems to respond more quickly. The transcriptional profile of the Npy, Rgs2, and Ttr genes under free-seizure conditions in both audiogenic models indicates an intrinsic expression already established in the strains. Our findings suggest that these genes may be causing small changes in different biological processes involved in seizure occurrence and response, and indirectly contributing to the susceptibility of the WAR and GASH/Sal models to audiogenic seizures. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50891-1 - INCT 2014: Translacional em Medicina
Beneficiário:Jaime Eduardo Cecilio Hallak
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático