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Detection and characterization of Ilheus and Iguape virus genomes in historical mosquito samples from Southern Brazil

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Cunha, Mariana Sequetin [1] ; Luchs, Adriana [2] ; da Costa, Antonio Charlys [3] ; Ribeiro, Geovani de Oliveira [4] ; Pereira dos Santos, Fabiana Cristina [5] ; Nogueira, Juliana Silva [1] ; Komninakis, Shirley Vasconcelos [6, 7] ; Souza Marinho, Robson dos Santos [6] ; Witkin, Steven S. [3, 8] ; Villanova, Fabiola [4] ; Deng, Xutao [9, 10] ; Sabino, Ester Cerdeira [3, 11] ; Delwart, Eric [9, 10] ; Leal, Elcio [4] ; Nogueira, Mauricio Lacerda [12] ; Maiorka, Paulo Cesar [13]
Número total de Autores: 16
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[1] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Virol Ctr, Vector Borne Dis Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Virol Ctr, Enter Dis Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Trop Med Inst Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Fed Univ Para, Biol Sci Inst, Belem, Para - Brazil
[5] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Virol Ctr, Resp Dis Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Retrovirol Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Fac Med ABC, Postgrad Program Hlth Sci, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[8] Weill Cornell Med, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, New York, NY - USA
[9] Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Lab Med, San Francisco, CA 94143 - USA
[10] Vitalant Res Inst, San Francisco, CA - USA
[11] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, LIM 46, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[12] Fac Med Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
[13] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med, Dept Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 13
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Acta Tropica; v. 205, MAY 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

In Brazil, flaviviruses have caused massive outbreaks. Surveillance programs designed to monitor virus activity in vectors provides a system for mapping disease distribution and for identifying specific vector species for targeted control. The present study aimed to describe the detection, whole genome characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Ilheus virus (ILHV) and Iguape virus (IGUV) strains obtained from historical mosquito's samples. Twelve isolates of pooled mosquito specimens (inoculated in neonate mouse brain) collected in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 1993, 1994 and 1997 were investigated. Viral RNA was extracted and analyzed by qRT-PCR using Flavivirus genus-specific primers. Positive samples were sequenced and underwent phylogenetic analyses. Flavivirus was detected in 50% of the specimens. Positive samples were successfully Sanger sequenced. Three Anopholes cruzii pools collected in 1994 were positive for IGUV. One Culex sp. pool, one Anopheles triannulatus pool, and one Coquillettidia juxtamansonia pool, collected in 1994, were positive for ILHV. Metagenomic sequencing successfully characterize one ILHV and four IGUV full genomes, and revealed a high degree of homology between the Brazilian ILHV and IGUV strains and isolates available in GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis of partial ILHV NS5 gene revealed three distinct lineages (clades), an indication of genetic heterogeneity in strains circulating in Brazil. Nucleotide insertions and a high-level of nucleotide diversity were observed in the NS1 protein and capsid region of IGUV strains, respectively. Detection of ILHV and IGUV in mosquitoes from Southeastern Brazil confirms the historical circulation of these viruses in this area. Furthermore, this first evidence of ILHV in Anopheles triannulatus suggests the potential importance of Anopheles mosquitoes in the IGUV transmission cycle. Genomic and phylogenetic analysis of these viruses provided insights into their diversity and evolution, which are important for the emergence patterns of flaviviruses and their evolutionary trends in Brazil, an endemic country for several arbovirus. in In-depth studies of ILHV and IGUV including vector competence and molecular studies are needed to shed light on their epidemiology and potential risk of future emergence. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/00021-9 - Metagenômica viral da Dengue, Chikungunya e Zika: acompanhar, explicar e prever a transmissão e distribuição espaço-temporal no Brasil
Beneficiário:Antonio Charlys da Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/01735-2 - Metagenômica viral de Dengue, Chikungunya e Zika vírus: acompanhar, explicar e prever a transmissão e distribuição espaço-temporal no Brasil
Beneficiário:Ester Cerdeira Sabino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular