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Structural features and development of an assay platform of the parasite target deoxyhypusine synthase of Brugia malayi and Leishmania major

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Silva, Suelen Fernandes [1] ; Klippel, Angelica Hollunder [2] ; Ramos, Priscila Zonzini [3, 4] ; Santiago, Andree da Silva [3, 4] ; Valentini, Sandro Roberto [2] ; Bengtson, Mario Henrique [3, 4] ; Massirer, Katlin Brauer [3, 4] ; Bilsland, Elizabeth ; Counago, Rafael Miguez [4] ; Zanelli, Cleslei Fernando [2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Chem Inst, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Struct Genom Consortium SGC UNICAMP, Med Chem Ctr CQMED, Mol Biol & Genet Engn Ctr CBMEG, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; v. 14, n. 10 OCT 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 1

Deoxyhypusine synthase (DHS) catalyzes the first step of the post-translational modification of eukaryotic translation factor 5A (eIF5A), which is the only known protein containing the amino acid hypusine. Both proteins are essential for eukaryotic cell viability, and DHS has been suggested as a good candidate target for small molecule-based therapies against eukaryotic pathogens. In this work, we focused on the DHS enzymes fromBrugia malayiandLeishmania major, the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis, respectively. To enableB.malayi(Bm)DHS for future target-based drug discovery programs, we determined its crystal structure bound to cofactor NAD(+). We also reported anin vitrobiochemical assay for this enzyme that is amenable to a high-throughput screening format. TheL.majorgenome encodes two DHS paralogs, and attempts to produce them recombinantly in bacterial cells were not successful. Nevertheless, we showed that ectopic expression of both LmDHS paralogs can rescue yeast cells lacking the endogenous DHS-encoding gene (dys1). Thus, functionally complementeddys1 Delta yeast mutants can be used to screen for new inhibitors of theL.majorenzyme. We used the known human DHS inhibitor GC7 to validate bothin vitroand yeast-based DHS assays. Our results show that BmDHS is a homotetrameric enzyme that shares many features with its human homologue, whereas LmDHS paralogs are likely to form a heterotetrameric complex and have a distinct regulatory mechanism. We expect our work to facilitate the identification and development of new DHS inhibitors that can be used to validate these enzymes as vulnerable targets for therapeutic interventions againstB.malayiandL.majorinfections. Author summary Target-based drug discovery strategies hold the promise to discover safer and more effective treatments for Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). Genetic manipulation techniques have been used to successfully identify essential genes in eukaryotic parasites. Unfortunately, the fact that a gene is essential under controlled laboratory conditions does not automatically make the corresponding gene-product vulnerable to pharmacological intervention in a clinical setting within the human host. To allow the discovery and development of small molecule tool compounds that can be used to validate pharmacologically vulnerable targets, one must first establish compound screening assays and obtain structural information for the candidate target. Eukaryotic cells lacking deoxyhypusine synthase (DHS) function are not viable. DHS catalyzes the first step in a post-translational modification that is critical for the function of eIF5A. Presence of mature eIF5A is also essential for eukaryotic cell viability. Here we reported compound screening assays (yeast-based forBrugia malayiandLeishmania major;in vitroforB.malayionly) and provided further regulatory and structural insights we hope will aid in the identification and development of inhibitors for the DHS enzymes from two NTD-causing organisms-B.malayi, the causative agent of lymphatic filariasis andL.major, the causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/16672-1 - Determinação estrutural e busca por inibidores da enzima desoxi-hipusina sintase de organismos eucarióticos causadores de doenças negligenciadas
Beneficiário:Angélica Hollunder Klippel
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/16970-7 - Estudo do impacto da função de eIF5A no perfil proteômico celular utilizando o modelo de Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Beneficiário:Cleslei Fernando Zanelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/50897-0 - INCT 2014: Centro de Química Medicinal de Acesso Aberto
Beneficiário:Paulo Arruda
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 19/14275-8 - Análise estrutural das proteínas quinases PRPF4 and DYRK1B pertencentes à família CMGC e identificação de pequenos compostos inibidores
Beneficiário:André da Silva Santiago
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/03553-6 - Engenharia genética de leveduras para a descoberta de novos medicamentos
Beneficiário:Elizabeth Bilsland
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 13/50724-5 - Centro de Biologia Química de Proteínas Quinases: alavancando desenvolvimento de fármacos através de pesquisa de acesso aberto
Beneficiário:Paulo Arruda
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Parceria para Inovação Tecnológica - PITE