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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Eating attitudes of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and obesity without eating disorder female patients: differences and similarities

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Autor(es):
Alvarenga, M. S. [1, 2] ; Koritar, P. [1, 2] ; Pisciolaro, F. [2] ; Mancini, M. [3] ; Cordas, T. A. [2] ; Scagliusi, F. B. [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Psychiat, Dept Psychiat, AMBULIM, Eating Disorders Unit, Clin Hosp, BR-01060970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Clin Hosp, Obes & Metab Syndrome Endocrinol & Metabol Serv, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, BR-11060001 Santos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Physiology & Behavior; v. 131, p. 99-104, MAY 28 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

The objective was to compare eating attitudes, conceptualized as beliefs, thoughts, feelings, behaviors and relationship with food, of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) patients and a group of obese (OBS) without eating disorders (ED). Female patients from an Eating Disorder (ED) Unit with AN (n = 42), BN (n = 52) and BED (n = 53) and from an obesity service (n = 37) in Brazil answered the Disordered Eating Attitude Scale (DEAS) which evaluate eating attitudes with 5 subscales: relationship with food, concerns about food and weight gain, restrictive and compensatory practices, feelings toward eating, and idea of normal eating. OBS patients were recruited among those without ED symptoms according to the Binge Eating Scale and the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns. ANOVA was used to compare body mass index and age between groups. Bonferroni test was used to analyze multiple comparisons among groups. AN and BN patients presented more dysfunctional eating attitudes and OBS patients less dysfunctional (p < 0.001). For DEAS total score, AN and BN patients were similar and all other were different (p < 0.001). Similarities suggested between BN and BED were true just for the ``Relationship with food{''} and ``Idea of normal eating.{''} BED patients were worst than OBS for ``Relationship with food{''} and as dysfunctional as AN patients - besides their behavior could be considered the opposite. Differences and similarities support a therapeutic individualized approach for ED and obese patients, call attention for the theoretical differences between obesity and ED, and suggest more research focused on eating attitudes. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/56850-9 - Escala de Avaliação de atitudes alimentares: desenvolvimento, avaliação psicométrica e aplicação
Beneficiário:Marle dos Santos Alvarenga
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado