Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Characterization and frequency of a newly identified HIV-1 BF1 intersubtype circulating recombinant form in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Sanabani, Sabri Saeed [1, 2] ; de Souza Pastena, Evelyn Regina [1, 2] ; Kleine Neto, Walter [2] ; Martinez, Vanessa Pouza [2, 1] ; Sabino, Ester Cerdeira [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Retrovirol Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Hemoctr, Fundacao Prosangue, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: VIROLOGY JOURNAL; v. 7, APR 16 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 18
Resumo

Background: HIV circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) play an important role in the global and regional HIV epidemics, particularly in regions where multiple subtypes are circulating. To date, several (>40) CRFs are recognized worldwide with five currently circulating in Brazil. Here, we report the characterization of near full-length genome sequences (NFLG) of six phylogenetically related HIV-1 BF1 intersubtype recombinants (five from this study and one from other published sequences) representing CRF46\_BF1. Methods: Initially, we selected 36 samples from 888 adult patients residing in Sao Paulo who had previously been diagnosed as being infected with subclade F1 based on pol subgenomic fragment sequencing. Proviral DNA integrated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was amplified from the purified genomic DNA of all 36-blood samples by five overlapping PCR fragments followed by direct sequencing. Sequence data were obtained from the five fragments that showed identical genomic structure and phylogenetic trees were constructed and compared with previously published sequences. Genuine subclade F1 sequences and any other sequences that exhibited unique mosaic structures were omitted from further analysis Results: Of the 36 samples analyzed, only six sequences, inferred from the pol region as subclade F1, displayed BF1 identical mosaic genomes with a single intersubtype breakpoint identified at the nef-U3 overlap (HXB2 position 9347-9365; LTR region). Five of these isolates formed a rigid cluster in phylogentic trees from different subclade F1 fragment regions, which we can now designate as CRF46\_BF1. According to our estimate, the new CRF accounts for 0.56% of the HIV-1 circulating strains in Sao Paulo. Comparison with previously published sequences revealed an additional five isolates that share an identical mosaic structure with those reported in our study. Despite sharing a similar recombinant structure, only one sequence appeared to originate from the same CRF46\_BF1 ancestor. Conclusion: We identified a new circulating recombinant form with a single intersubtype breakpoint identified at the nef-LTR U3 overlap and designated CRF46\_BF1. Given the biological importance of the LTR U3 region, intersubtype recombination in this region could play an important role in HIV evolution with critical consequences for the development of efficient genetic vaccines. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/04890-0 - Padrões de mutação em sítios de clivagem de gag e suas associações com a atividade da protease e a terapia antiviral na infecção por HIV-1
Beneficiário:Evelyn Regina de Souza Pastena
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 06/50096-0 - Characterization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 (HIV-1) in a cohort of recently infected persons from the State of São Paulo by full genome sequencing
Beneficiário:Sabri Saeed Mohamed Ahmed Al-Sanabani
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 04/15856-9 - Análise prospectiva das características virológicas e imunológicas em indivíduos com infecção recente pelo HIV-1 das cidades de São Paulo e Santos, SP
Beneficiário:Ricardo Sobhie Diaz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático