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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of Edible Coating on the Drying and Quality of Papaya (Carica papaya)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Garcia, Carolina Castilho [1] ; Caetano, Lidimara Cassia [2] ; Silva, Keila de Souza [2, 3] ; Mauro, Maria Aparecida [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Technol Univ Parana UTFPR, Sch Food Sci, BR-85884000 Medianeira, Parana - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Food Engn & Technol, Inst Biosci Language & Phys Sci IBILCE, BR-15054000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Northern Paulista Univ Ctr UNORP, Dept Chem Engn, BR-15020040 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Food and Bioprocess Technology; v. 7, n. 10, p. 2828-2839, OCT 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

The edible coating applied to food pieces prior to hot air drying is a technology that can improve the nutritional and sensory qualities of dehydrated products. The effects of the pectin coating technique on the drying efficiency and quality of papaya slices of the Formosa cultivar were investigated, determining the cell structure, color, and vitamin C contents of the fresh and dried fruits, with and without a pectin coating. The drying kinetics was evaluated based on Fick's Law. The analytical solution for a plane sheet was used to estimate the water effective diffusion coefficients, and, in order to take into account shrinkage during drying, the average and variable thicknesses were considered in an approximate manner. Diffusion modeling presented a better fit when considering the thickness of the slices as variable. Regarding fruit quality, the coating applied to papaya slices before drying enhances vitamin C retention in comparison to papaya dried without coating, showing that pectin coating efficiently prevented oxidation of this bioactive compound. In addition, the moisture diffusivity of the coated samples was higher than that of the non-coated slices, due to the hydrophilic nature of the pectin. Light and transmission electron microscopy images revealed intense rupturing of the cell membranes in the dried tissues. The cell tissue arrangement in the coated papaya slices was similar to that found in the fresh papaya slices, before and after drying. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/00519-0 - Cinética de secagem de mamões submetidos a pré-tratamentos
Beneficiário:Diego Canizares
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 07/07586-0 - Avaliação de métodos combinados para obtenção de mamão e abóbora desidratados
Beneficiário:Maria Aparecida Mauro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular