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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Rainfall and climate variability: long-term trends in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo in the 20th century

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Obregon, Guillermo O. [1] ; Marengo, Jose A. [1] ; Nobre, Carlos A. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Space Res CCST INPE, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, BR-12630000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Minist Sci Technol & Innovat SEPED MCTI, BR-12227010 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CLIMATE RESEARCH; v. 61, n. 2, p. 93-107, SEP 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

We investigated spatial temporal variability and long-term). trends of rainfall over the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP). Due to a lack of continuous and consistent rainfall observations in the MASP, a database for the spatial analysis was created from a composite of 94 stations, with daily rainfall data for 1973-1997, plus data from the University of Sao Paulo's Institute of Geophysics and Astronomy (IAG/USP) station for 1933-2011, as the base of the long-term variability analysis. It is shown that the seasonal and interannual rainfall variability result from underlying local influences and remote large-scale atmospheric dynamics. These effects appear to be more complex during the austral spring and fall seasons, and seem to determine the duration of the rainy period over the MASP. The intraseasonal (30-60 d) oscillation of rainfall does not exhibit any long-term modulation; interannual rainfall variability for 1975-1990 appears modulated by the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) scale (2-8 yr). Nonetheless, there exists statistical evidence that the rainfall climate over the MASP had an abrupt change at the end of the 1950s, but the global climatic change that occurred in the middle of the 1970s is not evident. The progressive increase in the frequency of rainy days and total daily rainfall throughout the period of analysis are prominent factors in the trend of annual and seasonal rainfall. Furthermore, rainfall variability over the MASP may be modulated by the Southern Annular Mode (SAM), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and ENSO at seasonal scales, altering the normal progression of the seasonal rainfall cycle, while at interannual scales, each one of these patterns drives the rainfall variability, mainly when each pattern reaches its extreme value. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57719-9 - Programa de Mudanças Climáticas - INCT CLIMA
Beneficiário:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/58161-1 - Assessment of impacts and vulnerability to climate change in Brazil and strategies for adaptation option
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/51843-2 - Impact of climate extremes on ecosystems and human health in Brazil: PULSE-Brazil
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/50538-7 - Entendimento das causas dos vieses que determinam o início da estação chuvosa na Amazônia nos modelos climáticos usando observações do GoAmazon e CHUVA
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular