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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Assessing Stimulus Control in a Discrimination Task with Compound Stimuli: Evaluating Testing Procedures and Tracking Eye Fixations

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Perez, William F. [1] ; Endemann, Peter [1] ; Pessoa, Candido V. B. B. [1] ; Tomanari, Gerson Y. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 65, n. 1, p. 83-88, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Experiments with pigeons have suggested that the way stimuli are arranged in tests affects the demonstration of the stimulus control established during training. The present study aimed to replicate these findings with humans exposed to a simultaneous-discrimination task with compound stimuli. Adults were exposed to a discrimination task, and their eye fixations were recorded. Two compound stimuli were used: a triangle and a red circle, and a square and a green circle. During Phase 1, responses to the first compound were reinforced, and during Phase 2, these contingencies were reversed. Following training in each phase, the components of the stimulus compound were separated and presented across different tests to assess stimulus control by each stimulus component. Participants tended to choose the component on which their eyes had most frequently fixated during training. However, the S+ component that was associated with fewer fixations also controlled participants' choices. Results on tests replicate previous findings with pigeons. Possible effects of peripheral vision are discussed. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/19125-2 - Um análogo experimental de metacontingências e observação
Beneficiário:Candido Vinicius Bocaiuva Barnsley Pessôa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático