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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Regional differences in aridity/drought conditions over Northeast Brazil: present state and future projections

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Marengo, Jose A. [1] ; Bernasconi, Mauro [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Ctr Early Warning & Monitoring Nat Diasaters, BR-12630000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Alagoas, Maceio, Alagoas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Climatic Change; v. 129, n. 1-2, p. 103-115, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 30
Resumo

The focus of this study is to investigate the risk of aridification in the semiarid lands of Northeast Brazil, using a variety of observational information and climate change projections for the future, by means of aridity indices. We use the Budyko and United Nations aridity indices to assess the extent of areas with semi-arid and arid conditions in the present, and for the future out to 2100. Climate projections are derived from the downscaling of the HadCM3 model for the A1B scenario using the Eta regional model with horizontal resolution of 40 km. Consistent with global climate model projections from IPCC AR5, regional climate change projections suggest an increase in dryness in the region, with rainfall reductions, temperature increases and water deficits and longer dry spells, leading to drought and arid conditions expected to prevail by the second half of the 21th century. The area with arid conditions is projected to grow to cover areas currently with dry sub humid conditions, and become larger by 2100. This increase in aridity, combined with land degradation may increase the risk of desertification. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57719-9 - Programa de Mudanças Climáticas - INCT CLIMA
Beneficiário:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/50538-7 - Entendimento das causas dos vieses que determinam o início da estação chuvosa na Amazônia nos modelos climáticos usando observações do GoAmazon e CHUVA
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/51843-2 - Impact of climate extremes on ecosystems and human health in Brazil: PULSE-Brazil
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/58161-1 - Assessment of impacts and vulnerability to climate change in Brazil and strategies for adaptation option
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático