Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

ARHGAP21 prevents abnormal insulin release through actin rearrangement in pancreatic islets from neonatal mice

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ferreira, Sandra Mara [1] ; Santos, Gustavo Jorge [1] ; Rezende, Luiz F. [1] ; Goncalves, Luciana Mateus [1] ; Santos-Silva, Junia Carolina [1] ; Bigarella, Carolina Louzao [2] ; Carneiro, Everardo Magalhaes [1] ; Ollala Saad, Sara Teresinha [2] ; Boschero, Antonio Carlos [1] ; Barbosa-Sampaio, Helena Cristina [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, BR-13083865 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, INCT Sangue, Hematol & Hemotherapy Ctr Hemoctr, Sch Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, BR-13083865 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Life Sciences; v. 127, p. 53-58, APR 15 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Aims: ARHGAP21 is a Rho GTPase-activating protein (RhoGAP) that associates with many proteins and modulates several cellular functions, including actin cytoskeleton rearrangement in different tissues. However, it is unknown whether ARHGAP21 is expressed in pancreatic beta cells and its function in these cells. Herein, we assess the participation of ARHGAP21 in insulin secretion. Main methods: Neonatal mice were treated with anti-sense oligonucleotide against ARHGAP21 (AS) for 2 days, resulting in a reduction of the protein's expression of about 60% in the islets. F-actin depolimerization, insulin secretion, mRNA level of genes involved in insulin secretion, maturation and proliferation were evaluated in islets from both control and AS-treated mice. Key findings: ARHGAP21 co-localized with actin in MIN6 beta cells and with insulin in neonatal pancreatic islets. F-actin was reduced in AS-islets, as judged by lower phalloidin intensity. Insulin secretion was increased in islets from AS-treated mice, however no differences were observed in the GSIS (glucose-stimulated insulin secretion). In these islets, the pERK1/2 was increased, as well as the gene expressions of VAMP2 and SNAP25, proteins that are present in the secretory machinery. Maturation and cell proliferation were not affected in islets from AS-treated mice. Significance: In conclusion, our data show, for the first time, that ARHGAP21 is expressed and participates in the secretory process of pancreatic beta cells. Its effect is probably via pERK1/2, which modulates the rearrangement of the cytoskeleton. ARHGAP21 also controls the expression of genes that encodes proteins of the secretory machinery. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57952-5 - Instituto Nacional de Obesidade e Diabetes
Beneficiário:Mario Jose Abdalla Saad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/12050-7 - Arhgap21 inibe a secreção de insulina e controla a homeostase glicêmica em camundongos
Beneficiário:Sandra Mara Ferreira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado