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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Transformation of Meaning Through Relations of Sameness and Opposition

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Autor(es):
Perez, William Ferreira [1] ; de Almeida, Joo Henrique [2, 3] ; de Rose, Julio C. [4, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Paradigma Ctr Ciencias Comportamento, BR-05011001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento Cognicao, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Programa Posgrad Psicol, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Psicol, BR-13564590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 65, n. 4, p. 679-689, DEC 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

When derived stimulus relations are established, stimulus functions are altered. The present study aimed to verify whether arbitrary symbols related to meaningful stimuli (facial expressions of happiness) would have their meaning transformed in accordance with relations of sameness or opposition. The experiment started with training to establish the meaning of two contextual cues, one for sameness and one for opposition. Then, using these contextual cues, one pair of stimuli was related as same (B1) or opposite (B2) to six photos containing different people expressing happiness (A stimulus set, A1-A6). Following this training, two other stimuli were related as same (C1) and opposite (C2), respectively, to B1. Participants were tested for derived relations and then the transformation of functions from the happy pictures to B1, B2, C1, and C2 was verified using a semantic differential and the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). Results from the semantic differential happy/sad scale, taken together with IRAP, indicated the transformation of stimulus functions: Arbitrary stimuli acquired a meaning similar or opposite to the happy faces, according to the trained or derived relations of sameness or opposition. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/09251-8 - Análise quantitativa da transferência de funções de estímulos em classes de estímulos equivalentes reorganizadas e em classes formadas por rejeição
Beneficiário:João Henrique de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático