Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Learning Name-Object Relations After a Single Exclusion Trial in 18-to 48-Month-Old Children

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Schmidt, Anderia [1, 2] ; de Oliveira Franco, Mariana Guedes [1] ; Lotorio, Lucas dos Santos [1] ; Gomes, Geovana Figueira [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psychol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psicol, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 66, n. 1, p. 53-63, MAR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Responding by exclusion is a well-documented phenomenon, but data on the maintenance of word-object relations acquired using this procedure are highly variable. The present study included a sample of 80 children, ages 18 to 48 months, to determine whether age is a critical variable in learning name-object relations after a single exclusion trial. The sample was divided into 4 groups according to age. After establishing a baseline of auditory-visual discrimination (familiar names and objects) in matching-to-sample tasks, 3 test blocks were conducted. Each block had 8 baseline trials and 2 probe trials: an exclusion probe (i. e., an unknown name was dictated, and the comparisons were 2 familiar toys, an unknown toy, and a blank comparison) and a learning probe that verified whether the relationship established between the unknown stimuli on the exclusion probe was maintained in a further test trial. The majority of the children chose unknown objects in the exclusion probes. Analyses of the proportion of correct responses in the learning probes revealed a significant difference in performance between the groups of younger (18-30 months) and older children (31-48 months), indicating an improvement in learning the name-object relations after a single exclusion trial in the groups of older children. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/12156-7 - Aprendizagem da relação nome-objeto por exclusão em crianças de diferentes faixas etárias
Beneficiário:Andréia Schmidt
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular